History of Humanity:
2015 - Humanity is broken up into nearly 200 separate nation-states, dozens of ideologies, hundreds of economic currencies, and thousands of languages. Geopolitical, Environmental, and Economic situations arise constantly, causing a turbulent opinion of Earth's state. Social, Cultural, and Ethnic diversity and freedom are generally improving with a minority of setbacks. Technological and Scientific innovation is flourishing, more being achieved in the last 80 years than in the last 8,000. Rapid rise in inter-connectivity between everyone and everywhere in the last 20 years has gradually "made Earth a much smaller place" in a sense.
2025 - After decades of heavy military support around the world, pressure from China, and a desire to focus on efforts at home, the United States begins to scale back its forces around the world. However, rather than this being a sign of weakness for the United States, it gives the U.S. an opportunity for great revived prosperity. By closing dozens of military bases around the world and becoming less involved in foreign conflicts, it frees up tens - if not hundreds - of billions of dollars to instead be focused on military and scientific research and development, thereby staying ahead of every other nation technologically. This gives a massive funding boost to the United States' Space Programs like NASA and Air Force Space Command, allowing the U.S. to further strengthen its Space Superiority. Education, Healthcare, and Infrastructure are also receiving great increase in funding allowing the U.S. to make its gradual climb back to the top of the list intellectually and financially. At the same time, America's Natural Gas Boom has given it massive prosperity and "Near Self-Sufficiency", even able to export excess supplies. Additional funding is also being poured into renewable energy and fusion research, in light of ever-decreasing non-renewable fuels and ever increasing climate problems. All of this creates a huge technology boom in the U.S., shifting its economy from Service / Industry based to High-Tech / Energy based, creating millions of jobs and boosting the GDP of the U.S. significantly. Essentially the U.S. has fully recovered from a near 15 year recession, and easily surpasses its previous economic and financial pinnacle.
While the U.S. is making drawbacks in the size and activity of its military, it is by no means sacrificing security or even the ability to influence global affairs. The U.S. still stations military personnel in Japan, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and a dozen other nations. Long range/long duration Drones maintain surveillance and security around the world without putting personnel in danger. Naval Railguns are finally able to be installed on the Navy's Destroyers and Carriers and give them a huge tactical advantage in both range and firepower. Next generation aircraft, armor, and artillery are all under development. However, depending on technological advancement alone is recognized as a potential weakness, so U.S. Military personnel from across the branches from this point on receive much more advanced and stringent training physically, tactically, psychologically, and intellectually, thereby allowing the U.S. to not rely solely on technology.
Unfortunately, this will come at a cost for many conflicted regions in the world. The U.S. will no longer interfere in every crisis that springs up in the Middle-east or elsewhere. While this will certainly help in removing the stigma of the U.S. acting as the world's police, it also means many crimes against humanity may go unchecked and unpunished. However, the U.S. Will still offer plenty of medical & food relief aid and education around the world, and provide combat drone support for allies.
3D printers are now consumer products, with many households owning small, simple variants, and large corporations having massive, complex types. Commercially available hard drives reach out to the 100+ Terabyte range, and cloud services can store several dozen zettabytes of data, allowing almost everything to be stored digitally.
Graphics in both television and video gaming has improved exponentially over the last 20 years. 4K Resolution in TV and Film is now the standard in most First-World nations. Gaming is approaching life-like quality and “Virtual Reality” is gradually becoming more popular as its capabilities expand. While VR Gaming currently only revolves around the visual/audio, studies & experiments into more advanced VR that “connect” directly to synaptic activity within the brain begin in earnest.
2030 – Global population has reached 8 Billion, half of which live in either China or India. As global food security draws closer and closer to a tipping point, a new form of agriculture begins to take shape. Urbanized Agriculture – while existing on a small scale for decades – now shows immense promise to aid in fending off global hunger while simultaneously taking pressure off the environment from overuse of soil and destruction of forests for new farmlands. Countries begin developing different methods of mass urbanized farming; some designing new building and retrofit old ones to hold small to medium gardens and greenhouses on rooftops and even along the sides of structures, others building multi-story facilities in sub-urban areas that house entire farms in controlled environments.
While these are an important step in providing the world with more food, it’s not nearly enough to cut back on standard rural farming. Genetically enhanced crops continue to be developed to grow in less favorable conditions; able to grow heartier, on less water and nutrients, and in hotter and colder conditions than natural crops ever could. Artificially produced meat and dairy products also aid in taking pressure off livestock agriculture.
Exo-suit technology is still in development but prototype systems are being field tested in both military and commercial applications. However, the most significant improvement for exo-suits is in the medical field. While bulky and power hungry, they provide those with spinal damage and amputations the opportunity to walk and perform normal activities again.
The United States' natural gas boom has spurred on a revitalization of the airship industry. by extracting helium from natural gas, the ability to supply the 'lighter-than-air' gas means that airships can be supplied with the necessary element. Because of the enormous amounts the U.S. is extracting - and the improvements in structural materials - it is now feasible for very large airships to be manufactured and in large numbers. The U.S. takes the lead on airship deployment, reaching over 250 airships within ten years, including 100+ in military service, but many other nations like China and Russia quickly follow suit, seeing the many advantages and purposes airships serve. While not as fast as fixed-wing aircraft, they are significantly faster than seaborne freighters and other ships. Depending on the variant, airships can carry a sizable payload, making them effective at carrying more cargo than several cargo planes combined. Their versatility and VTOL capability allows them to travel and land anywhere in the world including remote areas where planes, ships, trains, and roads simply can't go, such as jagged mountain ranges, dune swathed deserts, or icy northern tundra areas. by 2050, airships become a common sight around the world numbering in the thousands, often covered in thin solar sheets that power their engines and internal power.
2035 - Earth is beginning to feel the devastating effects of a dwindling fossil fuel supply. Despite a gradually growing renewable resource infrastructure, progress has been too slow to pick up the slack. First World regions like the United States, European Union, Russian Federation and People's Republic of China have been less affected economically due to their ability at this point to transition over to a high level of renewable resource provisions, like full electric or hybrid vehicles in both commercial and military sectors. However, less advanced nations begin to suffer dramatically, especially the Middle-East, Africa, and South Asia, where population is overwhelming and resources are scarce. Wars over resources breakout and private military companies with combined arms capabilities quickly arise to profit from the unstable situation. The future seems bleak, but hope is on the horizon.
Determined to maintain economic and social unity, the European Union is reorganized into the European Federation, where countries like Germany, France, and Italy cease to be autonomous states in favor of being unified states under one flag. This shakes the balance of the global economy as the combined GDP rivals that of the United States and China. However, this does not give the new E.F. a dominating superpower title, as the Euro has already been in place for 35 years, the change will be relatively calm, though Russia is mistrustful of this new world power. Hopefully history will not repeat itself. Europe maintains a presidency/prime ministry style government, that almost all the European countries used before the unification. Paris is dubbed the capital of the E.F., with Berlin functioning as a secondary government center. The United Kingdom - not ready to relinquish the crown and thus its sovereignty - has opted out from joining the European Federation, as have Norway and Switzerland.
Meanwhile, In an inspiring act of unity, the world's space agencies work together to send a 10 person team of astronauts from around the world to Mars. A new large space vessel - 5 times the size of the old NASA shuttle is built in segments on Earth and assembled in space with next generation prototype propulsion systems that can get the crew to Mars in 3 months, rather than the proposed 8 months it would have taken, and a centrifuge that simulates ".9 G's" to stave off bone degradation. The shuttle is named 'Red Destiny'. The crew consists of an American Commander, Chinese First Officer, Russian Rocket Scientist, German Hydroponics Specialist, British Planetary Geologist, Japanese Astro-Biologist, Indian Psychologist, Brazilian Medical Specialist, French Astrophysicist, Australian Astro-Meteorologist, and an Egyptian Engineer Specialist. By choosing scientists from around the world to join in this mission, it sends a powerful message across Earth: this isn't accomplished by the U.S. or by China or by a any other singular nation, but achieved by Humanity as a whole.
In the technology field, robotics and drones are becoming more common place in the commercial and civilian sector. Clear glass and malleable displays are the standard for televisions and portable devices throughout the developed world. Constantly updated Virtual Intelligence becomes a useful tool in the day to day routine of military, business and private life alike. Legitimate artificial intelligence meanwhile is in prototype development.
2041 - Tensions between Saudi Arabia and Iran rise to the brink of war, after the assassination of a Saudi Prince (Minister of Foreign Affairs) and the Iranian Defense Minister one month later. The World fears this will pull the U.S. and China on opposite sides of the conflict and escalate to World War III. To increase their capabilities both Saudi Arabia and Iran hire PMC's to bolster their forces. Hours before conflict begins, a plot is uncovered by Interpol that a French PMC hired by Saudi Arabia after the assassinations instigated the looming conflict by covertly committing the Saudi prince's assassination and then the Iranian Defence Minister's to look like a retaliation, thereby bringing profits into the PMC. An immediate cease fire order is given for both sides before the first shot is fired. As result, those involved in the assassination plot are sent to The Hague, and Saudi Arabia and Iran hold talks for the first time to work on an Official Alliance, despite their political and religious differences. This will not be an easy task after 60+ years of animosity towards one-another. But with oil on the decline and little else to export, many middle-east nations run the risk of becoming unsustainable.
2045 - Much of the world's renewable resources like solar, wind, and wave power come from the seas and oceans as energy islands number in the thousands. this aids in providing huge amounts of power, while at the same time taking up no real estate on land aside from substations. These densely packed power sources are semi- or fully automated and require only light maintenance outside of storm repair. Even more impressive are the increasing number of solar satellites in orbit that focus solar energy back down to receivers on the surface.
2050 - Earth, geopolitically speaking, is beginning to corrode. But finally after a century of searching, a reliable method of sustainable fusion is discovered by an international research team and brings the promise of an unlimited source of energy. Because the project was funded and overseen by 30 countries around the world, the designs are issued by the United Nations to every country recognized by the U.N. In an unprecedented move, the U.S., China and E.F. work together to help build these fusion plants not only in their own countries, but in the less fortunate countries, in exchange for ceasing the violent wars throughout Africa and the Middle East. To undertake this task though, a new structure is required to maintain the peace. Within a decade most African nations become part of the African Confederation, though it's still a loose coalition of states with semi-autonomy still allowed by each former country, Johannesburg becomes the unofficial government center though other cities like Nairobi and Cape Town hold significant political sway. The Middle Eastern states - with the leadership of Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Egypt - form the Republic of Arabia. Both are difficult tasks, as local warlords throughout Africa show defiance to this unification process, while the monarchies and dictatorships of the Middle East do not easily cede control of their territory. Africa, however, gradually weeds out warlords either through negotiation or by hunting them as fugitives to be arrested and tried on international criminal charges. Additionally, as the African Confederation and Republic of Arabia Solidify, Religious Insurrection breaks out in rural areas of Somalia, Sudan, Nigeria, Chad, Libya, Djibouti, and Eritrea between Radical Christians and Muslims, though these actions do not actively reflect the religious positions of the African COnfederation and the Republic of Arabia as both accept freedom of religion.
By 2065 all the nations of the middle-east, excluding Israel, have joined the R.A. Rampant religious warfare dies down by this point as the African Confederation and Republic of Arabia border solidifies. Libya and Sudan join the Republic of Arabia, while Nigeria, Chad, Djibouti, and Eritrea join the African Confederation. Somalia - with the aid of Ethiopia - reluctantly joins the African Confederation. Arabia's overall wealth is impressive due to oil exports, however, as the oil output in the Middle East is gradually scaled back due to decreasing supplies, Russia becomes the largest exporter of oil, and uses this to build up a powerful economy.
Things are beginning to Improve on many fronts. Genetic Engineering has allowed for abundant crops to be grown that require less water and survive harsher conditions allowing for greater harvests, while slowing the rate of soil depletion; this will aid in feeding a rapidly growing population. Biogenetic and Medical advancements are aiding in exterminating diseases and prolonging life; The life expectancy rate globally is 85:M 87:F.
The Global War on Terror begins to wind down. Weary of lengthy and costly wars, The United States operates a new generation of Kinetic based weapons including land and naval based Railguns and Orbital Kinetic Rod Platforms as well as advanced infantry special forces units, unmatched air and space superiority in both manned and unmanned aircraft, and operates by far the largest and most powerful navy. China dominates Cyber-warfare and espionage and easily holds the largest standing army and air force. And the European Federation has developed accurate electro-magnetic pulse weapons that can target very precise areas and Armor and Artillery Systems that surpass even the U.S. Military. with terrorism a common threat, together the three nations work together to precisely hunt down terrorist threats around the globe, minimizing collateral damage and capturing terrorists if at all possible, in an attempt to win hearts and minds. Most terrorist groups have been eradicated, and because of China's advanced spy networks, those that remain can not operate effectively enough to do significant damage. This makes the formation of the Republic of Arabia and the African Confederation far more stable and sustainable.
U.S. and China, as well as the European Federation have found a relative equilibrium in the geopolitical realm. While they still vie for international influence and have their specific issues, their relative comparability in economic, military, trade, and cultural capabilities actually works in favor of establishing a closer knit relationship. while it may sound like a contradiction to the archaic observer, when no one side is at an obvious advantage and can't control the rhetoric on an issue, it's much more reasonable for all parties to cooperate towards a common goal. This way of thinking allows the three leading nations to establish a long-lasting collaborative partnership.
One such example of this cooperation is the joint construction of a massive mass driver and spaceport center in Hawaii. the mass driver stretches to over 15 kilometers and is able to propel orbital and deep space capable vehicles out of Earth's gravity at a fraction of the cost of conventional rocket launch methods. This allows both government and commercial use of space to multiply ten-fold, and begins paving the way of expansion into space.
2055 With the Spaceport in Hawaii complete, the US and China - with financial support from the E.F., U.K., and Russia - begin joint construction of a research base on Luna (Luna Base Alpha), motivated by continued research of Earth's only moon, but also the possibility of mining Helium 3 as a vital resource for fusion. A permanent cure for virtually every cancer is found, thwarting one of humanity's worst long term diseases.
2062 - Feeling threatened by the Republic of Arabia's growing size and strength, Israel reluctantly joins the European Federation, much to the distaste of many citizens in the R.A. Additionally Norway and Switzerland have also joined the European Federation. Pressured between the E.F. and Russia, Belarus decides to join the Russian Federation due to its close political ties and booming energy economy. Luna Base Alpha is completed and fully operational with 15 - 30 scientists stationed there at any given time.
2065 - The U.S., Canada, and China - with the cooperation of Russia - begin Construction on the Inter-Continental Logistics System (ICLS). A 9,000 km MagLev VacTrain stretching from Beijing to Seattle. More than just a train, this is a massive vehicle 20 meters wide with the capability of pulling 2 miles (3.2 km) of freight. Each car stretches 80 meters long and is capable of holding 6 rows of 6 standard FEU (Forty Foot Equivalent Unit) containers stacked 3 high. Because the train floats on a cushion of electromagnetism, there's no friction and no risk of derailment, and because the entire rail line is surrounded in a Vacuum Tube – and thus has no air resistance - the MagLev can reach a max speed of 8,000 kph.
Two sets of rails are built adjacent to each other for simultaneous transport both ways, one track ending in Vancouver while the other track continues down to Seattle. The shear size and speed of the ICLS allows the MagLev to transport the same amount of cargo in a little over an hour that would typically take the largest container ships weeks. This will dramatically increases the speed and strength of trade between China and North America and increase the economies of not just the 3 countries involved in the project, but that of the planet.
Though, primarily a Freight system, the potential of Mass-Transit for passengers is obvious, and as such a third and fourth, smaller system is built alongside the large freight line, capable of transporting hundreds of people at a time every hour or so. Because the acceleration and deceleration intervals are in the first and last ten minutes of transit, it's gentle enough to not require any significant safety mechanisms aside from seat-belts. This ability to quickly transport people back and forth between China and the U.S. further increases Socio-Cultural and Economic ties between The two super-powers
While the ICLS cost tens of billions of dollars to build, the MagLev is powered by fusion stations making it self-sufficient and decreases overall shipping costs. This also dramatically lowers the need for Cargo ships in the Pacific, lowering the risk of accidents and pollution.
2070 - wanting greater economic prosperity through trade and resource gathering, the United States, Mexico, and Canada form the United North American States. The UNAS, while now a singular nation, creates a temporary triple executive, as so not to alienate any of the newly formed territories (in other words three presidents to keep a checks and balances on each other). That same year, Brazil - with a booming economy - and most of the other South American nations form the South American Consortium, with Rio de Janeiro designated the Capital. The next 20 years see the two super-nations in a political struggle and small scale proxy wars to absorb the remaining sovereign countries in Central America and the Caribbean Sea.
There are now 4 super nations that span 4 continents respectively, all functioning under democracy. Public opinion no longer allows the creation of dictatorships, for those that still exist such as North Korea, their days are numbered.
Russia, feeling threatened by these super-nations, fears becoming an irrelevant nation in world. With the planet gradually converting to fusion power and fossil fuels being the exception rather than the rule, Russia's remaining oil supplies are losing value. Russia builds up it's military and begins annexing several countries from the old soviet empire from a century before, taking the oil fields of Central Asia in a bid to lower the price of fuel and maintain revenue from 3rd world nations. This shakes the diplomatic balance of the world giving both the E.F. And China great concern since they both border Russia. World War III seems very possible.
Meanwhile, privatization of the aerospace sector has led to the first small private space stations orbiting earth. 35 years have passed since the first Mars landing, and since then 16 more missions have occurred and the very early stages of terraforming are now beginning. Several rocket systems have landed on Phobos, Mars' largest moon. The 11 kilometer rock is in a very slowly decaying orbit around the red planet, and would collide with the planet in about 50 million years. The rockets are being placed on Phobos to speed up the process to occur in about 16 years, gradually steering the rock into Mars' South Pole. The collision will sublimate the polar dry ice and send large amounts of debris into the atmosphere. This will begin a runaway greenhouse effect. Slowly heating the planet as well as increasing the atmospheric pressure. Space vehicles are becoming larger, easier to achieve escape velocity with new propulsion methods, and able to get to areas in the Solar System faster. A long awaited probe is sent to Jupiter's ice moon Europa to land on the icy surface and find a possible site for a future drilling area. Other probes are sent to the asteroid belt in search of valuable rare earth minerals like gold, titanium, platinum, palladium, and cobalt, in the hopes of finding new sources of rapidly dwindling and much needed resources.
Interactive Holographic displays have now replaced clear glass as the primary display method of most electronics. Androids with sophisticated virtual intelligence are now seen working amongst the human population in basic jobs such as package delivery, waste collection, and language translation. Artificial Intelligence has now become commercially available, but the prohibitive cost restricts it to use by militaries and governments or large corporations. 3D replication has shifted manufacture of day to day items from large factories across the world that have to set up large assembly lines to create specific types of goods into medium and small businesses across the world that offer “on the spot” production of virtually any tangible object, to the specific request of the consumer. Food and water can't be produced outside of laboratories, but everything from dish-ware to tools to vehicle parts can be manufactured in minutes.
2073 – As Central America and Caribbean nations begin choosing to join the U.N.A.S. or the S.A.C., Cuba makes a surprisingly radical move. After decades of progress between the United States and Cuba, the Communist Regime is dissolved and an interim government quickly applies for admission into the United North American States, and is fully recognized later that year. As other nations decide which side to take, it becomes clear that the U.N.A.S. holds more political sway in the Caribbean, while the S.A.C. has more influence throughout Central America.
2075 – with the immense success of the ICLS, the UNAS begins work on two smaller trans-continental MagLev VacTrains: one that runs East from Seattle to Chicago to New York, and the other South from Seattle to San Francisco to Los Angeles to Mexico City. Both could transit non-stop end to end in less than 40 minutes. The following year China begins working on its own smaller MagLev VacTrain that extends the ICLS to from Beijing to Shanghai to Hong Kong, with transit times between stations barely 15 minutes long. Business men and women can leave New York in the morning for a meeting in Shanghai in the afternoon and be back home in time for dinner, a proposition inconceivable ten years earlier.
2078 - After years of diplomatic negotiations, Russia has refused to stand down from it's invasion of Central Asia. With use of oil in rapid decline, the region provides little value to the super-nations and China. However, Russia begins moving additional military forces along the Chinese and European Federation borders. Whether this is just the rattling of sabres or the prelude to a two front invasion, its ultimate meaning becomes a mute point. Determined to end a war before it begins, The UNAS, E.F. and China once again work together - with the military aid from Japan and the U.K. - to make a devastating preemptive strike on Russian military and government targets. China uses it's cyber warfare capabilities to infiltrate and completely disable command and control capabilities throughout Russia including strategic nuclear command. Meanwhile European air forces and military satellites make EMP strikes on Russian ground, naval, and air forces both along the Russian borders and strategic bases deep within Russia. At the same time, the UNAS uses its powerful long range naval Railguns and orbital kinetic rod satellites to hit military hard targets, including all known nuclear launchers and ICBM bunkers, as well as oil infrastructure where population is minimal. The attack lasts only a single night, but in that short period, the vast majority of Russia's military infrastructure has been destroyed or disabled, while at the same time keeping casualties minimal, less than 250 people are killed in the attack. With their military hardware depleted and the vast oil fields destroyed, Russia surrenders on the condition that no occupation or territory seizure - outside of the annexed nations in Central Asia - be taken against them. This is agreed to with two exceptions. Crimea - which was annexed by Russia in 2014 - is to be returned to Ukraine and by extension the European Federation, and The Kuril Islands are to be handed over to Japan. Russia accepts this, though feeling chagrin from such terms. However, in truth the intention of these demands isn't to embarrass Russia but rather for two territorial disputes that have been ongoing for decades without resolution to finally be laid to rest.
In the fallout of this joint strike, the U.N. puts forth a proposal for an International Security Coalition. The I.S.C. will be a conglomerate of the Earth's major militaries, much like the North Atlantic Treaty Organization that dissolved after the creation of the European Federation. The United North American States, the European Federation, and People's Republic of China will provide the primary military force and oversight. The South American Consortium, African Confederation, India, Russia, the United Kingdom, and Republic of Arabia will provide secondary military support. Other nations like Japan, South Korea, and Australia will provide small scale token support. All members of the ISC will provide a percentage of troops, hardware and capital to the global security initiative. This is hoped to significantly decrease the chance of anymore large scale wars between the large nations around the world in favor of finding diplomatic solutions. It takes about 5 years of tough negotiations, China being the toughest one to sell the proposal to, but after significant economic and trade negotiations, they agree to join the I.S.C. This military agreement is the first step to the creation of a unified Earth, but it will still take another century and a half to achieve this. However, this essentially marks the last major conflict between Earth's Nations, appropriately dubbed the "Twilight" War due to it's extremely short duration.
2080 - global warming has taken it's toll on Earth, resulting in powerful Hurricanes and slowly melting ice caps at the poles. The ocean water level has risen about a meter, displacing millions throughout the world. Some cities like New Orleans, Amsterdam, and Venice simply can no longer cope and a mass exodus occurs along shorelines around the world, forcing massive populations to move inland. However, there is a silver lining here; as more ice at the poles melts, solid earth is finally exposed on Antarctica. Townships of different nations begin to spring up along this new real estate, made up of scientific research, fishing, and mining communities.
A major advancement that has developed over the last few decades to answer the threat of rising sea levels is the introduction of artificial floating islands that span several hundred meters and even kilometers in size, able to function self-sufficiently and sustain thousands of people. While artificial islands dedicated to energy production have been around for 40+ years, these are designed for long term habitation of large populations. Both countries and corporations alike develop these to address several issues; one being as oceans rise, the amount of real-estate on land decreases. Another significant issue is overpopulation on land.
Earth's population has reached 10 Billion and across the world many nations have put into effect child limit policies. Most nations limit it to 3 children, some of the more overpopulated nations like India and China restrict it to 2 children. Major health improvements across the world have made extended life expectancy a problem with overpopulation. As fertile land becomes harder to find without further deforestation, Urbanized Agriculture has been booming where skyscrapers are built consisting of dozens of floors, each with the sole purpose of growing crops. The process becomes much more effective than traditional farming, protecting the crops from the elements and parasites, feeding them nutrient rich water, providing perfectly controlled lighting, and creating equal or more surface area to grow food than the average conventional field.
Artificial Intelligence has made incredible advancements since the beginning of the 21st century, and have become more affordable as time has passed. A.I.'s are fully capable of learning from around the environment and people they interact with. There are certain limitations applied to A.I. to ensure a safeguard for humanity. However, A.I.s are thoroughly used in everything from agricultural processing and commercial trading to government surveillance and military intelligence. These A.I. are created through artificial programming and quantum computing, and are limited to matrixes generated by human designers. but there is a new concept of creating A.I. that has been discussed in the scientific community involving the duplication of the incredibly complex neural network of the Human brain as well as the social, psychological, and emotional development of A.I. Donated brains are being tested for the creation of artificial sentience, though this is a long way off.
A side effect of the Twilight War has been a virtual cease in the use of crude oil. with Russia unable to supply it in large quantities anymore, and the development of cleaner, affordable energy, it's demand is has been diminished to special uses rather than energy and vehicle markets. Smaller, weaker nations that still used oil to a large extent, suffered temporarily because of this, but with the aid of more powerful nations, this deficiency was gradually erased. the Age of Oil comes to a slow, quiet end that the world has been looking forward to for decades.
2081 - The ICLS becomes a truly global transit system when, in this year, construction begins on the Eurasia Line that runs from Beijing to Moscow to Paris. While such an addition certainly serves to boost the global economy, its construction serves as another purpose. Still suffering the effects of the Twilight War, Russia holds a great deal of resentment towards the rest of the world, and remains in economic depression. This international collaboration is meant to restore both Russia's economy and industrial capabilities as well as its relations with the world. the ICLS brings a new, unparalleled influx of trade through Moscow, acting as a major hub between Europe and China, and the unemployment rate plummets dramatically as a result. Additionally, by connecting Beijing, Moscow, and Paris, it sends a message that despite the strategic vulnerability the ICLS presents to each of their capital cities, Europe and China are willing to take the risk in order to regain peace and stability between the three nations. It takes time for this more symbolic goal to be achieved, but eventually Russia moves forward, wanting a peaceful, prosperous future and leaving the Twilight War to the pages of history. While it does rebuild some of its oil infrastructure for specialized uses, Russia understands that Era of Oil has come to a much anticipated end. A new chapter begins for the Russian Federation, as it turns it's focus to the High-Tech and Robotics Industries.
2083 - after decades of improving relations and negotiations, Taiwan reverts back to Chinese authority under a "One Nation, Two Systems" government, much like Hong Kong.
2085 - Optical Cloaking is now available on a large scale. Experiments with optical cloaking have been taking place for decades but have never been able to evolve past the prototype stage until now. By redirecting photons around an object, the image of said object becomes essentially transparent, giving the illusion of invisibility. It's an expensive technology, but for militaries and PMC’s it's well worth the cost, tactically speaking. However, while it works well to hide a person, a vehicle, or a building visibly, it does nothing to hide their heat signature.
The number of airships around the world approaches 10,000, many of which are automated. constant improvements in structural materials allows for airships to be larger and faster, some stretching a kilometer or more in length, while others have jet propulsion engines allowing them to travel several hundred miles an hour. Other still have become amalgams using varying combinations of lighter-than-air, fixed-wing, and/or rotor-wing propulsion to stay aloft. they serve many roles, the most obvious is freight transportation, large airships able to displace more freight than most cargo ships. there are airship docks at ICLS stations that allow freight to be dispersed by air quickly. Some airships serve as luxurious cruise liners that can accommodate thousands of people. Others act as airborne solar farms covered in solar sheets with power cables descending back to the surface. The UNAS, China, and the European Federation also operate large military airship fleets, including several massive airborne aircraft carriers.
2087 - North Korea's newest leader - Kim Areum Hye - ascends to power after the death of her father. 4 days into her reign she requests an audience with the United Nations, where she surprises the entire world. Hye announces the dissolution of the government of the People's Democratic Republic of Korea and military surrender to South Korea. North Korea falls under total control of South Korea. To achieve this, Hye spent the first three days as leader quietly ordering the arrests of any high ranking military personnel capable of standing up against her to maintain the old regime. Thanks to her actions, little resistance is made to contradict the supreme leader when she orders all military forces to stand down. While it takes time to transition the military regime's control into South Korea's government, its the most peaceful outcome ever conceived for the two nations. China openly supports this action, as the relationship between China and North Korea have gradually deteriorated over the past century.
Kim Areum Hye grew up lavished in comfort and gifts by her family, while the rest of the nation struggled to survive. Hye saw through the veil of propaganda and lies her predecessors perpetuated over the past century and saw that her nation was - and had been for awhile - at the brink of collapse. She realized the only way for her country to end it's suffering and become welcomed by the rest of the world was to tear down the regime. Unlike those before her, she held no ill-will towards South Korea, the UNAS, or the rest of the world, knowing the leadership of her country had only itself to blame for it's ostracization. in the years prior to her father's death, Hye began quietly building support from military and government officials, though never indicating she planned to dissolve the regime and rejoin the South, for fear of betrayal. In the end, Hye sees her dream - a free, united Korea- become a reality.
This, after nearly a century and a half, finally brings the Korean War to an official end. Kim Areum Hye is praised around the world and is seen as a role model of peace and freedom, and the following year she is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Hye remains as the leader of the transitional government for the north as the south begins the reunification process. a massive influx of international aid pours into the country to help the 57 million starving people and begin building the North's infrastructure. upon completion of the unification process a few years later, Hye relinquishes her leadership role and at an official ceremony at the 38th Parallel is asked by the President to cut a ribbon for the inauguration of the new 'Republic of Korea'. Soon after she is asked to become Korea's ambassador to the UN, and In 2099, Kim Areum Hye is elected as Secretary-General to the United Nations.
2090 - This period shows immense progress in aerospace evolution. A global effort is taken to begin construction of a two kilometer tall international space station, dubbed Unity Space Station. Unity Station will operate in a geosynchronous orbit 14,000 kilometers off the surface. It's most advantageous feature will be a space elevator composed of carbon-nanotube that descends directly down from the station to Earth. Nairobi, Kenya is chosen for the location of the base of elevator, since the city lies almost directly on Earth's equator. Almost overnight Nairobi becomes one of the most important cities in the world. The International Space Agency is formed and based in Nairobi, and many private space companies create large facilities thereby adding to Nairobi's economic prosperity. In light of this, Nairobi becomes the official capital of the African Confederation, and Africa becomes much more closely bound by this national prestige.
Several aerospace material companies are built in Nairobi as well. With the creation of a space elevator, the ability to build large ships in orbit becomes a real possibility. At the same time, the first mining operations begin in the asteroid belt. Prior to the creation of a space elevator, shipping resources to and from orbit would have been too costly to make mining the asteroid belt practical. but now with a safe, inexpensive method of ferrying people and materials to and from the surface, minerals can be sent down the elevator, processed immediately in Nairobi, and sent back up as finished products for ship and station construction. This process still takes time. To reach the asteroid belt even with the newest propulsion systems still takes 8-10 months to make a two way trip to and from the asteroid field. Even with dozens of corporate mining vessels now in operation in space, the progress is slow. For now the majority of minerals will be mined from Earth.
Two years after the directed collision of Phobos in to Mars, the dust settles and dozens unmanned vehicles with large amounts of compressed methane and other hydrocarbons are sent to either land on the surface or skim the atmosphere and begin dispersing the very potent greenhouse gases. This will dramatically increase the speed at which the planet begins to warm. It's hoped by 2150 that large scale colonization and conversion of the atmosphere to nitrogen-oxygen can begin. For now a small scale research station is being sent to Mars in segments as well, to begin in-depth research of Mars and monitor the terraforming operation. As hoped, the sublimation of dry ice in Mars' South Pole is enough to bring the atmospheric pressure at the planet surface's average altitude up to about 30 kilopascals, making the air pressure slightly thinner than at Mount Everest's summit. This means bulky pressurized space suits won't be necessary on the surface from this point on. However, obviously the air still isn't breathable yet and it's extremely cold, so thinner environment suits that still maintain oxygen and insulate heat will be necessary, but it will make moving around on the surface far easier.
2092 - Collaborative effort between China, Korea, and Japan begins on the Beijing-Seoul-Osaka-Tokyo or B.S.O.T. line of the ICLS. the line wraps around the Yellow Sea and and down the Korean Peninsula, stopping in Seoul, Korea, before continuing further south where the ICLS traverses an advanced, "Earthquake Proof" tunnel under the Sea of Japan before re-surfacing on the Japanese island of Honshu, proceeding to Osaka and ending in Tokyo.
2095 - A large unmanned drill probe has been sent to Europa. It's powered by a small prototype fusion core giving it unlimited power for its mission. Upon landing on Europa, the drill immediately goes to work drilling through the ice, periodically placing communication relays along the tunnel to maintain radio contact through the extremely thick ice. When the drill reaches the underground ocean, the discoveries are astonishing, and finally confirm what many have been waiting for. The sensors on the probe find not only organic microbial and bacteria, but well developed aquatic species, many with bio-luminescent characteristics. Life on another world has been discovered, which implies that not only is life on Earth not alone in the universe, but because life was discovered in the same star system it means that most likely life is very common throughout the Universe. However, Europa's life forms, while vaguely similar with the deep water aquatic species of Earth, are no where near consciously intelligent. Despite this, the discovery is unquestionably the most significant ever made by humanity.
With this new revelation, more attention and funding is focused on space industry. The I.S.C. begins blueprints on a space worthy military force, but it will be years before it can be implemented. I.S.C. starts acquiring money, personnel, and resources from nations around the world. At the same time the Super Nations begin similar programs. The UNAS and EF coming up with the most ambitious plans.
Meanwhile, in response to growing economic, environmental and social problems and ever-growing political supremacy from China; Singapore, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, New Guinea, the Philippines, and many of the Oceania nations put aside political differences and form the Osia Union. This causes a panic throughout Asia as small nations fear becoming tiny forgotten lands that may be violently invaded by large neighbors in this power struggle. They quickly unite, and a domino effect begins. Mongolia and Myanmar cede their control to China, giving China a direct connection to the Indian Ocean. Upon seeing China's expansion, The 'Stan nations from Kazakhstan to Pakistan merge into a singular - if somewhat volatile - nation appropriately named Unistan, in order to ensure another invasion like the Russian annexation two decades before is less likely to occur. In response to Unistan's formation Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan cede their control to India in exchange for security, though maintaining semi-autonomy. Armenia and Georgia join the European Federation, while Azerbaijan joins the Republic of Arabia. Greenland joins the United North American States. Australia and New Zealand merge to become Austra-Zealand
As the turbulent dust settles from a relatively “calm” redrawing of the geopolitical map, only a few countries around the world remain unchanged since the Formation of the European Federation. Since 2035, Earth has gone from being made up of nearly 200 nations, to just 15:
This geopolitical layout will remain virtually the same for the next 120 years, as wars from this point are very rare and short in duration, and any political and multi-national issues that arise are handled for the most part diplomatically and peacefully.
2097 - The South American Consortium joins the ICLS club this year, as construction on the Amazon Line begins, running from Mexico City to Rio de Janeiro. Because the ICLS rail runs continuously through the incremental stations, technically a ICLS vehicle could run from Rio de Janeiro to Beijing in less than 4 hours, though it would need to decelerate significantly while traveling through stations since those areas are not void of air, and the air resistance at hypersonic speeds could cause collateral damage to both the vehicle and the surrounding station.
2100 - As the number of countries around the world fall dramatically, so to does the number of languages and currencies used by humanity. English, Mandarin, and Spanish are the most prolific, spoken as either a primary or secondary language around the world and are more or less necessary to learn. Hindu, French-German, Russian, and Arabic are spoken in their respective regions. The Euro, Yuan, and UNAS dollar are the most widely used currency. Digital transactions are standard and the use of physical currency is rarely used on a day to day basis, though it is used on the black market and underground drug trade because of it's difficulty to trace transactions.
Unity Space Station is completed, and construction of a 500 meter long exploration vessel begins, with the intent to travel to each of the planets in the Solar System to make significant studies of each. The ship dubbed by The U.N. As ESS Venture will be crewed by 160 personnel and will be able to send multiple manned missions to several planets and moons with new state-of-the-art shuttles capable of VTOL on planetary bodies and achieving escape velocity. Because this journey will last for several years with only a few return trips to Earth for supplies and cycling crew, a Torus is built around the ship which spins giving that area simulated gravity. The Torus will have an interior where crew can come to receive a healthy dose of gravitational weight, thereby avoiding bone degradation in the body. This ship also uses a new powerful fusion core that will bring in a new age of spaceship propulsion. Utilizing the exhaust from heat generated by the reactor, fusion engines are far more powerful and have much greater range than conventional fuel based engines. With these new engines, the ESS Venture can reach Mars in ten days, but the solar system is a large place so it will still take months to reach the outermost planets.
Antarctica has grown from small townships to a large city and surrounding areas of 300,000 people from around the world, in a new symbol of the world's melting pot. Because so many are now living in an undeclared territory, the U.N. oversees the governmental functions of the newly habitable region, renaming it the Antarctic Semi-Autonomous Principality. A large Habitable dome begins construction on Luna to support 20,000 people and large scale mining of He3 is underway. Fossil fuels are nearly depleted and all ground, sea, and air based vehicles are designed from this point on to use either full electric battery power or hydrogen fuel cells which are much more effective but also more expensive. Many small spacecraft still use liquid hydrogen or liquid oxygen for their propellant, but the larger vessels that are beginning to arise, like ESS Venture are designed and built with fusion engines.
Global warming continues despite dramatic improvements in carbon output and other pollution. while this makes for harsh conditions in areas closer to the equator, there is a silver lining. As the temperate zone has risen higher in latitude, permafrost in the northern lands of Asia and America have melted significantly, and while this unfortunately increases the release of methane and other natural greenhouse gases, it does make the land far more fertile, giving a massive boost to agricultural capacity. Russia's vast Siberian expanse, as well as the UNAS' Canadian wilderness become the new breadbaskets of the world, acting as huge conventional farmlands that are mainly automated, though this is carefully monitored so as not to commit too much deforestation. within ten years Russia surpasses the UNAS to become the single largest food exporter of the world. This major boost in agriculture sufficiently sustains the human population until urbanized farming can supercede it as the primary method of food production.
2101 - Russia, Arabia, and Africa - with financial support from other nations - begin construction of the Nile-Caucasus Line of the ICLS, connecting Nairobi and Cairo to Moscow. This boosts the economy of both the Republic of Arabia and the African Confederation significantly. It also creates a heavy supply chain to Nairobi's space elevator extending up to Unity Station, allowing for ship building materials from across the world to flow easily to Nairobi and resources from space to flow throughout the world.
2105 - Nano-technology has evolved over the past century from theoretical science to full-fledged application in many fields, especially in medicine and health-care. Nanites can be injected directly into the blood stream, able to monitor the various body functions and perform specific tasks such as healing internal wounds or eradicating parasites & viruses. Nanites are also being used to clean up pollution on land and in the oceans, attack and prevent corrosion in infrastructure, and help maintain agriculture and progress forest replenishment. For safety reasons the Nanites are incapable of replicating and can be shut down easily once the task is completed or in case of emergency.
Even in the social, fashion, tech-culture world, Nanites play a role. Clothing can be laced with Natites to create interesting lighting displays and even holographic imagery. Nanites are integral in modern Virtual Reality systems, allowing for advanced neural connection between the human brain and VR devices by acting as a sophisticated bridge between electronic coding and neural synapsis. This is important because VR technology has also advanced immensely by this point.
Virtual Reality has extended well beyond just the gaming community. It's used extensively for in everything from social media, social/political debate, various forms of education, many styles of entertainment and lifestyle activities, and even military training. Nearly all Virtual Reality centers around individual avatars generated by a person using a VR device. VR Gaming displays the greatest range of creativity, where thousands of people can live, play, and fight in vast virtual worlds of all kinds, and electrical feedback provides the sensations of all five senses. The same technique applies to the various other uses of VR, such as digital hangout spots and chat rooms for social media. Educational programs allow for individual tutoring or online courses and even sophisticated teaching methods (i.e. Astronomy teachers can generate a star/space environment to better instill information into students). Lifestyle programs like art, cooking and martial arts exist to give people opportunities to find hobbies and passions that would otherwise be unavailable in the real world. Many governments and militaries make significant use of VR to enhance the combat capabilities of military and intelligence agency personnel by simulating real world scenarios.
2108 - ESS Venture has completed it's first tour of the Solar System, making countless new discoveries in planetary science. Safe cryogenic-stasis is achieved for Humans, this will allow journeys across the solar system that last months to feel like hours for crew and passengers that go into cryo-stasis. The process also virtually ceases aging and health problems like long term bone degradation.
2113 – Holographic Environment Projection Systems or HEPS are developed that can project large scale holographic environments over and around physical objects. The most obvious use is to generate an entirely different appearance of a room based around what furniture and items physically exist in said room. This can allow for an otherwise boring or basic room to turn into a vibrant or enchanting one. The first generation models use several small projectors placed around a room and linked to a central console with virtual intelligence integration capability. Other examples of this technology would be to easily create a film set for a movie production, creating a holographic fountain in a park to save on the use of water, or re-create a crime scene during an investigation. While early models are expensive, it will gradually become very affordable and even standard in homes for everyone. the holo environment systems' - in combination with Virtual Reality systems - impact on overall quality of life and daily moral is tremendously positive. While middle and lower class may not be able to afford expensive homes and furniture, they can simulate the appearance easily which allows for improved satisfaction with daily life. A side effect of this innovation is that the prestige of simply owning expensive possessions transforms into owning the actual, physical object instead of a holographic mirage.
2116 - with the aid of ESS Venture, a permanent research base is established on Europa’s surface to study the organisms within the ocean under the extremely thick ice.
2119 - construction on the Singapore Line of the ICLS begins, running from Singapore to Hong Kong. This marks the last major addition to the ICLS worth noting. The ICLS has become a massive innovation in trade and economy around the world, speeding up the process of shipping goods globally and interconnecting populations even further. the ICLS has essentially defeated the need for heavy trans-ocean shipping, which - combined with the end of oil - has dramatically decreased pollution in the world's oceans. from this point forward, the ICLS will continue to grow, with nations expanding their ICLS network to other cities. over decades and centuries the ICLS will undergo upgrades and replacements, always evolving to become an ever-more efficient logistics system.
While the oceans are far less used to move freight from continent to continent, they are by no means abandoned. Artificial islands have exploded in both numbers and in size. Massive floating structures spanning tens of kilometers exist now that are able to sustain millions of people and produce huge quantities of food rivaling that of conventional and urbanized agriculture systems. while most artificial islands are politically tied to the nations that build them, there are a few built and run by corporations that have they're own set of rules and regulations. this takes significant pressure off of overpopulated nations like India and China, while at the same time increasing their "domestic" food yield. The artificial islands are powered either by fusion power plants or by renewable resources like wind and solar. While they certainly can't traverse the oceans at breakneck speed, they are fast enough to get out of the path of a hurricane, typhoon, or monsoon, given enough warning, and because most islands float well off the coast. aren't in danger of most tsunamis since their force is hidden beneath the surface until it approaches land. Only the most dangerous rogue waves are a risk to these structures, but the damage from such rare occurrences will typically only be minor.
2125 - A technological innovation is discovered in which Artificial Gravity can now be implemented for spaceships without the need for simulating it through ship rotation. This will allow a far greater number of people to travel in space without rigorous health requirements, and allow easier movement on ships. Unity Station is restructured and fitted with new gravity plating.
2130 - Major health advancements in genetic engineering and aging speed reduction has extended the average age expectancy to 94:M 95:F globally and the upper limit of age to roughly 130 years. As such the retirement age in most countries has risen to 75=80 on average. disease is in steep decline. All cancers, HIV, AIDS, and many other genetic or sexually transmitted diseases have been virtually eradicated, though immunizations continue to ensure that humanity doesn't lose defense from them.
2135 – deriving from HEPS technology, newer holographic systems are becoming available that can alter a person’s apparel appearance with the swipe of a finger. By inter-lacing Nanites and miniature projectors in basic clothing, a holographic projection can be generated along the surface of the entire clothing or even beyond it and flow perfectly with morphing cloth during body movement. The Holographic Apparel Projection System or HAPS can apply to pretty much any kind of cloth from male/female underwear to dresses to overcoats. For example a male could wear a plain T-shirt & shorts and holographically project a business suit over not just the clothing but also his exposed skin; or a female could wear a sleeveless shirt and a skirt and holographically project a beautiful ankle length free flowing dress. Holo-cloth that simply exists over exposed skin morphs via a physics engine based inside the HAPS processor, thereby making cloth movement appear more natural.
However, while the holographic projection can give the appearance of warm clothing like a sweater, they do nothing to protect the wearer from weather and temperature exposure, with a holo projection laid over a tank top for instance. Militaries find great interest in this technology for the use of camouflage, since standard uniforms can be inter-laced with HAP systems as well allowing for a soldier/marine to instantly transition from a desert pattern into a woodland pattern, an urban pattern into a snow pattern, etc.
A similar system can also be applied to objects and vehicles, with the Holographic Item Projection System or HIPS. For Instance an undercover police vehicle can transition from the appearance of any ordinary vehicle into its standard pursuit look once a suspect is identified. or trucks and lorries with advertisement logos can instantly change their appearance or project motion graphics.
2140 - 3D replication is so common, almost everyone on Earth own some form of a portable miniature 3D replicator, along with a holographic communication device. This allows the creation of virtually anything small enough to fit in a hand. Even basic nutrients and proteins can be formed into edible crackers simply by using any inorganic materials around - including dirt or small rocks - which is broken down and rearranged on the molecular level, though this comes at the cost of taste. This - in conjunction with improved agriculture techniques - dramatically decreases world hunger, while at the same time decreasing waste products like plastic.
Nearly everything is recycled in some form or another now either as renewable resource or secondary byproduct. some minerals simply can't be recycled for reuse, but the rate of depletion of resources on Earth has dramatically slowed. Water is well regulated throughout the world; even in remote and isolated areas, typhoid and malaria are virtually non-existent in drinking water due to UV light water filters available everywhere. Regions in the world that had been dilapidated, starving, and war-torn a hundred years ago are now flourishing through technological achievement and it's availability. Pollution still exists, albeit lighter than in the 21st Century, but the forests around the world, including the Amazon are beginning to recover as demand for wood and farmland have decreased dramatically. 70% of agriculture takes place in purpose built skyscrapers which have advanced to be massive towers in both height and Girth. As such, nature begins to reclaim land once over-used but no longer needed.
As Earth's population nears eleven billion, the desire to maintain Earth as a green planet and decrease humanity's footprint results in cities cutting back their ever expanding limits in favor of extremely tall structures that reach ever higher. As stronger materials and sophisticated architecture have developed, many cities around the world now have dozens of kilometer high skyscrapers. Building of this height and taller become common place, all capable of residential, industrial, corporate, or agricultural needs, or in some cases serving all of the purposes at once in structures known as arcologies. Arcologies are designed to be semi- or even totally self-sufficient while supporting a very dense population. This becomes a stepping stone in environmental restoration. the Ozone layer has completely recovered from severe degradation during the late 20th century. Unfortunately, polar ice has continued to melt due to the after effects of global warming in the last 200 years. It's unclear when this will come to a stop, but the slow gradual rise of the oceans will slowly transform Earth's appearance. The good news is that because this change is so slow, populations and infrastructure can be safely moved. With this in mind, long-term construction projects use projections of sea-level rise in their decision making for locations. With densely populated areas along the coastline at risk of being displaced by rising sea-level, China begins building floating infrastructure on a massive scale to maintain cities like Beijing and Shanghai. the UNAS begins expanding significantly into the Gulf of Mexico, gradually sewing a web of artificial archipelagos to counter a gradually sinking coastline. The Amazon's recovery will undergo a setback as the Amazon Basin begins to permanently flood.
Construction of a second, larger space station begins, with a space elevator descending down to Quito, Ecuador. Dubbed Harmony Space Station, this will double the amount of materials and people that can quickly go to and from orbit. It also gives The South American Consortium significantly increased economy and much desired national prestige.
2147 – a medical miracle is invented in the form of Nano-Gel. This is a gel comprising of thousands of Nanites, an Artificial Hemostasis Coagulant, and a number of Sterilizing Agents. Essentially when a severe wound or injury to the skin occurs, the gel need only be applied directly to and around the wound. The gel fills the entire cavity of the wound, and within seconds solidifies into a tough, but elastic coagulant. The sterilizing agents quickly neutralize any bacteria or contaminants, as well as dissolving necrotic flesh and the nanites get to work regenerating the biological cells of the patient. The nanites interact directly with cells and - with a palette of enzymes and proteins included in the gel - increase the metabolic rate exponentially, thus allowing cells to regenerate much faster than the natural healing process. Shallow wounds can heal in minutes instead of days, and deep wounds in hours instead of weeks. As the wound heals the coagulant gradually dissolves into the body. As for the nanites, they function for a limited amount of time - powered by the patient natural bio-electrical energy - and for safety reasons, they are not designed to replicate. After a few hours they essentially shut down and are naturally filtered out of the body within a few weeks. Once the nanites shut down, the rapid cell regeneration stops, thereby preventing tumors from growing. Because Nano-Gel was designed for combat injuries, pain mitigation is not directly included in the gel, so that wounded personnel can remain lucid in combat situations. However pain anesthetics and/or analgesics can be administered separately to relieve pain.
2150 - Anti-gravity in the form of graviton manipulation is harnessed. This will allow spaceships to hover in atmosphere or sub-orbital altitude without the need for vertical rocket propulsion. This requires large amounts of power and therefore is regulated to large ships with Fusion plants. This now makes mass transit to and from orbit very feasible, allowing large cargo and high numbers of passengers to leave Earth's surface.
This critical discovery comes just in time, as vast quantities of construction supplies and engineers have begun shipping out to Mars to begin construction of Crimson City, Mars' first Large scale colony. Other construction projects for Mars consist of power plants which will convert The CO2 and Methane atmosphere into nitrogen and oxygen to begin making the atmosphere both safely pressurized and breathable. However, this process will likely take decades to achieve. Until then, the colonist will need to remain inside sealed habitats or wear environment suits while outside. Because Mars only has 0.37 G, The structures are being built with artificial gravity plating to simulate .98 G, thereby avoiding long term bone degradation.
42,000 people now live on Luna in several large and many small habitable domes. He3 mining has become a very important resource and several mining corporations have set up operational mining facilities with housing and amenities for personnel. In Addition, the I.S.C. has built a large military instillation on Luna to aid in security of the various habitats, train personnel in exospheric environment and low gravity combat, and act as a military fueling station. The I.S.C. Has now constructed 5 military vessels in excess of 500 meters, 4 cruisers and a carrier capable of deploying troops anywhere on Earth, Luna, or Mars. To ensure a new arms race doesn't occur, strict quotas are created to control the number of military spaceships built by nations, based on their rank in the I.S.C. Tier one nations (UNAS, EF, and China) can build three military vessels to a ratio of two vessels for tier two nations and one vessel for tier 3 nations. This will balance power out, and maximize the I.S.C.'s space supremacy.
2160 - The threat of political corruption and stagnation has led to the rise of e - democracies becoming a strong element in decision making by most governments. This becomes a powerful tool to Humanity's development and expansion, however, it will lead to geopolitical problems far into the future.
Children begin being born on Mars, becoming the first natural born citizens of Mars.
2165 - Mars' atmosphere has reached adequate temperature and pressure to allow people to venture the surface without environment suits. However, breathing masks are still necessary as the atmosphere is still very toxic.
After a century and a half of growing and unrelenting public demand for a more open nation, The People's Republic of China gradually transitions it's governing body - the politburo - and begins disassembling the last remaining communist regime on Earth in favor of a more transparent and open government, in which many civil liberties are now allowed. As a result, the title of 'People's Republic of China' is changed into the 'Chinese Republic'. The nation still maintains a premier and prime minister, but will function more like the European Federation or the United North American States, in that it is now an openly democratic, capitalist society, though some of the social care programs do remain. This transition is hailed around the world as a very progressive act for not just China, but for the world as a whole.
2170 - Knowing that the extremely valuable helium 3 resources on Luna will only last so long, preliminary mining surveys have been sent to the four gas giants of the Sol system to determine If helium 3 extraction from the dense atmospheres will be feasible and economically practical. Meanwhile, dozens of mining operations begin on Mars, able to ease the great amounts of demand on Earth's dwindling resources. Crimson City was purposely built on Mars' equator, so that now construction on a space elevator can begin.
Incredible advancements in understanding the universe's mysteries have been made in many fields, including dark energy and dark matter, anti-matter, string theory, gravitational physics and quantum physics. However, faster-than-light travel is still out of Humanity's grasp. Most of the astrophysics and mathematics for developing FTL travel and communication are there, but the solutions don't make sense, as if a piece of the puzzle is missing. As such, Humanity seems restricted to the Sol System, with travel time to even the closest stars taking many years with even the latest propulsion technology: anti-matter power generation and propulsion.
Despite this a massive mission is planned to build a kilometer long colony vessel that can carry over a thousand people from around the world on board who all volunteer to make a 6 year journey to Alpha Centauri, in a bid to colonize a planet or moon. A mission of this length will naturally require everyone to go into Cryo-stasis, while an A.I. maintains operational control of the vessel. The ship - designated ESS Destiny - will gradually accelerate to approximately 80 percent relativistic speed until it's half way mark, at which point the ship will rotate 180 degrees and aim it's engines in the direction of travel to safely slow Destiny until it reaches Alpha Centauri. However, due to dozens of other projects like ship construction and colony establishments around the Sol System, the ESS Destiny will not leave until around 2190
On Earth, global waste and pollution begins to decrease, despite a constantly growing population. However, global warming has continued albeit slower than before, and nearly all ice has disappeared from the Northern Hemisphere as well as more ice melting in Antarctica, resulting in an additional meter of Ocean rise. Thankfully the impact on the population becomes less extreme as many people have gradually moved further inland away from the sea. 1 - 3 Category 5 Hurricanes/Typhoons a year are common, and deadly Category 6 Hurricanes can occur every few years. As more Ice melts from Antarctica, rich deposits of previously unreachable resources become available, further adding to Antarctica's economic and political growth. Antarctica votes to become an independent state.
2180 - Inertial Dampening is invented. This creates a gravity field that allows spacecraft from single person fighters and transports to the largest military vessels to make rapid accelerations, decelerations, and course corrections, without the High G forces injuring the crew onboard.
2185 - Crimson City has a population over 800,000. Atmospheric air level is Nitrogen 34% Oxygen 8% and pressure has matched that of the mountains in the Swiss Alps. This is good progress, but still too toxic for breathing, suffocation will occur roughly within 2 minutes without breathing apparatus. However, Mars is building and expanding exponentially as more colonists pour in from Earth and more children are born on the red planet.
2189 - ESS Destiny begins its journey with its crew and colonists on board in cryogenic sleep. Contact with the ship gradually becomes more difficult and time consuming as it proceeds past the Terminator Shock of the Sol System.
2192 - A mining operation in Antarctica detects anomalous signals and radiation deep within the ice near the South Pole. It's unclear what the source of the energy is, but it isn't recognized by human databases. A research excavation towards the source begins
2193 - After tunneling towards the mysterious signal, the source is located. An object of unknown origin is found 1.5 kilometers below the Antarctic Ice near Antarctica's bedrock. Upon physical contact with the object, it activates in a luminescent glow, but besides that does nothing else. A multi-national scientific excavation around the object begins and reveals the true scope of the object, roughly 600 meters in height it descends down to the bedrock. It's 200 meters long and 100 meters wide and comprised of 3 separated parts, in a sort of spire shape. Carbon dating and isotope half life decay from the object and the ice around it, puts it's existence at around 175,000 years old. This coincides with about the time the Homo Sapien Sapien sub-species rises to become the dominant hominid on Earth, but the object is far too sophisticated to have been built by Humanity, not to mention it's found in kilometer thick ice that has been frozen for roughly 20 million years. The object, it seems, was put here by some one... or something else.
Multiple entrances are found on the largest section of the structure. And upon entering the structure the gravity of the interior shift 90 degrees so that it would seem as if one could walk up a wall, without Earth's natural gravity affecting the person. What is found inside is a treasure trove of information; the object appears to be a massive archive of data. The data banks are displayed in a strange language and in binary code, albeit different from human language as we know it. An artificial intelligence is found within the object. It has been analyzing the language used by the research team (primarily English) and communicates to them via holographic display in the form of a human avatar. The A.I. requests information on Humanity's progress and the research team obliges by giving it isolated access to Historical data. The A.I. reviews 175,000 years of history in minutes, and after reviewing Greek mythology, fashions itself the name Daedalus, knowing it's – or rather “his” role is about to be one that teaches Humanity a great deal. This is clearly done to make humans feel more comfortable.
Daedalus begins translating data stored in this archive for study. The true scale of this discovery is unmatched. An entire catalog of Earth's species that have ever existed are identified, and genetic code and material samples of many species are stored here. It could allow the revival of species that have long been extinct, and help return Earth to a state of massive biological diversity before mankind's rise came at the cost of many other organisms.
From there the Daedalus begins displaying complex mathematics translated for human understanding. Some of these create solutions to complete massive formulas used for determining faster than light travel. From what the information indicates, dark energy can be harnessed to create ruptures in relative space that lead to a separate dimensional sub-space in which mass of an object and speed of light are not limiting factors, and allow apparent FTL without relativistic side effects. This will open the door to the development of FTL travel and communication. Daedalus agrees to aid researchers in the designing of FTL Drives and communication relays.
Finally Daedalus gives detailed data on the Milky Way Galaxy, including coordinate locations and information on garden worlds or other possibly habitable locations within 1,000 light years of Earth. The A.I. tells the research team that there is certainly many more habitable planets beyond this distance, but that it's creator didn't want to give too much information to humanity, and thereby make them a threat to other developing intelligence in the galaxy. However, in this 1,000 light year radius, Daedalus marks over 108 garden worlds and over 400 other planets that can be immediately colonized or terra-formed easily for human habitation. Despite this huge number of new worlds, there are approximately one million stars within 1,000 light years of Earth, and some on the research team are skeptical that Daedalus is being truthful that only a handful of these systems are habitable.
When asked about the A.I.'s origin or his creators, he simply responds with "information unavailable". It seems the creators of the structure and Daedalus, did not want to go into details about their own civilization, what happened to them, or the reason they gave Humanity this extraordinary gift, though the reasons can only be speculated. Perhaps they believed they should help humanity expand, but that mankind needed to find their own path of evolution, or perhaps they deemed it irrelevant for humanity to know. Whatever the reason for hiding the information, they have given mankind - and by extension all life on Earth - an immense promise for the future.
2193 marks a new age in human history. The structure is secured by The U.N. with I.S.C. Military protection, and is henceforth called the PRAXIS (Pylon Reactive Anomolous Xenolithic Intelligent Structure). Rapid construction of an unmanned vessel with a prototype engine capable of harnessing dark energy and creating a FTL corridor begins. It's clear that a massive undertaking is on the horizon, and as such it'll require the combined economies and militaries of Earth. Blueprints begin being drawn up for a plan of semi-unification of the nations.
2195 - The unmanned vessel designed to make a faster-than-light jump is completed and equipped with the newest generation A.I. to monitor the journey and the conditions it endures. The ship travels to Sol's terminator shock to ensure that any negative side effects like radiation from this test don't effect the inner planets. dark matter is the key to this FTL capability; it permeates the majority of everything that our universe is, and it is responsible for the acceleration of the universe's expansion. Dark energy by nature does not accumulate like matter, quite the opposite, it repulses itself on a quantum level. By manipulating dark energy to collapse on a designated point, it will eventually rebound and cause spatial distortion. By directing a specific electromagnetic field on a certain frequency at this distorted point, a "tear" is created in relative space which creates a portal to a separate dimensional space, dubbed "zero-point-space". zero-point-space or Z.P.S. does not adhere to some of the forces and laws of the relativistic universe, including the speed of light. The specific electromagnetic frequency, its field strength, and the duration it's transmitted, determines the distance and direction the "tunnel" will travel.
Interestingly the tear creates a spherical portal – rather than the flat portal depicted in Science fiction - in which the direction of travel the ship enters is irrelevant, the ship could be traveling by sub-light in the opposite direction of the point in space the corridor will travel to, but it won't effect the ship or it's destination because it's traveling on a different realm of space. An unknown factor is duration of travel, this being the first actual test of a vessel traveling through a "Superluminal Tunnel", it is unclear how long it will take to travel from the entrance portal to the exit portal, so this first jump will give a preliminary estimate of duration:distance ratio.
Creating a Portal for a ship to travel through requires a great deal of power, however, creating a corridor wide enough for communication transmission is relatively easy and requires little power since the corridor only has to be a few atoms wide. It's also believed that because communication would travel by wavelength at light speed, the travel from point to point could be much faster than ship travel, perhaps instantaneous. It could even work both ways and allow for real time communication. This first jump will determine this as well.
Upon reaching the Termination Shock, the unmanned vessel - dubbed "Horizon" - executes the required steps to create a Superluminal Tunnel per Daedalus's instructions. The action occurs flawlessly, a portal opens wide enough for Horizon to enter. The portal releases low level radiation at doses much lower than expected, though still not survivable without radiation protection. The ship enters the portal and contact with it is lost, and then the rupture collapses a few seconds later.
Thirteen minutes later, the vessel arrives in the Alpha Centauri System. The A.I. then uses a prototype communication relay onboard to send back a message. This transmission arrives back at the Sol System within 8 seconds, proving that FTL communication travels much faster than vehicles through zero-point-space. After establishing communications with Earth, the unmanned vessel remains in Alpha Centauri to wait for the much anticipated arrival of ESS Destiny which had left Earth 6 years earlier to arrive so that the crew and colonists can be made aware of the incredible discoveries made in their absence. while waiting, the A.I. onboard begins analyzing the Alpha Centauri system for planetary bodies and other high detail features previously undetectable from the Sol System.
After a month of waiting ESS Destiny arrives and Horizon acts a middle man for communication. After establishing contact with the colonists and discussing how to proceed, Horizon returns to Sol. Scientist have been analyzing the massive quantities of data Horizon had sent back via FTL during it's wait for ESS Destiny, and construction of a large 700 meter long I.S.C. Military vessel, able to crew 1500 personnel, and equipped with a prototype FTL drive. The first role of this ship will be to supply the colonists at Alpha Centauri, which as luck would have it, contains a planet that was identified in the database that Daedalus provided. It's not a garden world, in fact because it lies within a binary star system it's lucky to even be habitable, but it has a nitrogen oxygen environment and it has liquid water on parts of the surface, making it viable for colonization. The semi-arid planet is named Serattis, after the captain of the ESS Destiny that lead the colony mission.
2198 - Upon reaching a population of over 5.3 million, Mars votes to become a semi-autonomous nation, known as the Crimson Republic, with Crimson City as its capital city. This marks the first independent nation ever founded off of Earth. However, while it's technically independent, the U.N. still provides its governmental oversight, and the I.S.C. its military protection and security.
Due to its close proximity to Earth, fairly small population, and utter dependence on the aforementioned planet, Luna never attempts to become an independent state, functioning more as a community of nations.
2200 - Nations and corporations have begun scrambling to build colony vessels to lay claim to planets identified by Daedalus, but most nations can only afford to build one or two FTL drives for these ships and only the largest corporations would have to invest the majority of their capital into building just one ship with an FTL drive. The U.N. begins proposals on Semi-Unification, including centralization of Earth's militaries. Some are skeptical of the ability for a unified military to function when divided between loyalty to their home nation and loyalty to the I.S.C. However, due to the rise in e-democracies it's clear that the majority of Earth's population are open to, if not in support of global unification. It's determined that a globally unified government will require a parliamentary republic style government in order to avoid biased leadership and receive public support. It is also obvious that the public won't accept anything less than an e-democracy based decision in social and civil mandates. A draft by the U.N. Is created for its own reorganization into the United Republic of Earth Nations. Debates between the nations ensue over things like population imbalance effecting their say in a republic and what taxation they will receive due to their GDP.
A new colony ship built by The I.S.C. able to carry 2000 colonists, departs for the second closest 'Garden World' , in the Gilese 581 System, 22 light years away. This system has been thought to hold at least one Earth like planet for the past 200 years, so it was nice to see that the assumptions were correct. The jump only takes an hour and 20 minutes. Gilese 581 is renamed Gilese Prime, the garden world is renamed - with a hint of cliche - Terra Nova. Interestingly, there is another Garden World at half the distance of 'Terra Nova' from Earth, inside the Tau Ceti System within 12 light years from Earth, But the U.N. has reserved this for special projects and denies proposals to colonize it.
2203 - FTL physics and mathematics is becoming better understood. With the current technology, Ships at superluminal speed, travel roughly 17 light years per hour or 408 light years per day, while communication travels roughly half a light year per second or 30 light years per minute. However, this is the first generation of FTL systems and the mathematics allow for many improvements and fine tuning. Luckily the complex formulas can now be boiled down to a three dimensional coordinate system. This will make FTL navigation fairly simple without the need for astrophysics specialist onboard to calculate a jump's requirements, though it's best to have one onboard in case something goes wrong.
Maximum distance a ship can travel by FTL is unclear, but because more distant jumps require larger amounts of power, it’s assumed that the most powerful FTL drive can traverse 5,000-6,000 light years in one jump. There’s also a minimum distance currently that a Superluminal tunnel must stretch. A jump has to be at least .4 light years for a portal to remain stable enough. Jumps at this time are quite precise considering the massive distances being traversed; a drift of 5,000 kilometers from the intended target is expected, and there is 7 percent jump duration variance in which the trip can be slightly faster or slower than a calculation suggests.
2210 - 12 colonies have now been established, mostly on garden worlds within 100 light years. Andridia, a lush garden world in the '18 Scorpii' System - a Solar twin 45 light years away - is the best established colony with over 175,000 people. Because FTL jumps are so fast, supplying these colonies is fairly easy and because the colonies begin building quickly, many people on an over-crowded Earth are eager to make a new life on this new frontier. Within 10 years over a million people have left Earth, Luna, or Mars and moved to an exo-solar colony. In light of all the garden worlds now known around the Sol System, the question of whether to continue terraforming Mars has been generally considered. It's deemed that because so much has been invested into terraforming project on Mars so far, that the project should continue. Mars will hopefully become a lush world with large oceans within the next 200 years
2215 - After years of proposals, debates, negotiations, and finally votes, every nation on Earth and Mars signs the 'Declaration of Global Unification' Charter of 2215 c.e. (DGU Charter 2215) The United Republic of Solar Nations (or the United Republic for short-hand) is signed into law. Earth is finally a unified planet, in which all citizens are now of Earth, and passports & visas are no longer required for travel to most places on Earth, Luna, or Mars. The nations of Earth and Mars still work semi-autonomously with their own leadership, while Senators are voted to represent their nation in the higher authority of the United Republic. The colors of the United Republic are Blue and White in an octagonally layer pattern to express strength, fortitude, and unity, and honor, and the flag is decorated with 16 gold stars representing the 16 nations of Earth and Mars that sign the GDU Charter 2215:
With the formation of the U.R., comes the creation of a unified military: the United Republic Defense Forces. As required by GDU charter 2215, 90% of every nation's military will now transition to URDF command, creating a military force of over 15 million active duty personnel. The URDF is comprised of 5 branches: URDF Navy and URDF Marine Corps will form the core of the URDF, able to move anywhere in the Republic in hours; the URDF Army and Aerospace Force will provide defensive support and planetary security on individual planets and moons; Finally the URDF Engineering Corps will be the largest government contributor in colony development and various planetary and space construction projects. The URDF will play an extremely vital role in Humanity's expansion, because they will be the backbone of colony creation and construction, as well as providing ample security and defense around the growing Republic. Plans are drawn up to begin construction of a military fleet capable of FTL travel. Because most spaceships built prior to this point are incapable of being integrated with FTL drives, they are left as primarily support ships for the Sol System. Every ship capable of FTL travel built from this point on will be considered a 'starship', and all ships under the Flag of the United Republic Defense Forces will be named and be preceded by the identification: URDF. All ESS vessels are also re-designated URDF as well. to build a fleet without severely depleting the remaining resources on Earth, a massive refinery and shipyard 8 kilometers long and wide begins construction along the inner side of Sol's Asteroid Belt. The abundant resources from the billions of asteroids along with resources from Mars, will be more than enough to build a shipyard and keep constant supplies for constructing warships and colony vessels.
As the nations on Earth unite, the Republic begins absorbing the colonies to ensure unity. Terra Nova, Serattis, Andridia and all the other colonies elect senators to represent them in the United Republic Parliament. This creates a universal stability throughout the republic, as competitiveness between the Earth nations and between colonies alike is no longer a priority and as one entity, the United Republic can now focus on military construction and colony expansion, with the full support of all Republic members. e-democracies will play a key role in how the United Republic acts. While restricted from military and high level government decisions, the general public has a direct say on social, economic, and political decisions. This is to ensure corruption has far less impact on day to day politics. Elections are also held this year for the executive branch and the first Arbiter of the United Republic is selected.
With the solidification of economies under the United Republic, a new currency is established, The Zephyr will essentially be the new Dollar or Euro, and be based mainly on a digital platform, establishing physical currency would only be inefficient and encourage black markets to expand. Zephlits are the sub currency, broken into tenths of a Zephyr ( to put this into perspective, one zephlit or .1 zephyr could purchase a standard vending machine drink. This becomes the standard currency unit of the Republic, backed by physical resources and precious minerals to establish it's value. With a standard currency for everyone to use, the Republic immediately begins to flourish economically.
Because of the massive prosperity and expansion Nairobi has seen for the past 120 years, the city becomes the Government Capitol of the newly formed United Republic. Construction begins on a massive Parliament building and all the other complexes and facilities required for a government of this scale to operate effectively.
2216 - In the first major act of the newly formed United Republic, the Planetary Colonization Convention Accords is established. Disheartened by the idea that humanity will become a plague to the planets it colonizes, strict laws and regulations are established for colonization purposes. The most important of these, is that mining and heavy assembly line industry will be prohibited on Tier 1 planets or Garden worlds. To preserve the countless species and biospheres on garden world's cities will consist of tall buildings that minimize the radial footprint created on these green planets. High tech Agriculture, light and high-tech industry, and corporations may also be created on Garden worlds so long as they do not surpass quotas on the environmental effects they release. This is all created in order to responsibly maintain the environments mankind oversees, so as not to repeat mistakes that were made on Earth, which is just now beginning to recover from over-use.
Heavy industry, especially those that are almost entirely automated - which is most of them by this point - are relegated to tier 2 or tier 3 planets of minimal habitation capacity. This coincidently kills two birds with one stone, as it keeps the heavy pollution from poisoning garden worlds, but that same pollution helps build atmospheres around barren and dessert planets, thereby actually helping slowly terraform planets and moons. At a certain point it will begin to hurt the process more than help it, but it will take centuries for that to occur. Resource gathering which can also be mostly automated, is restricted to tier 3 planets or the most barren rocks. As long as there are no species above multi-cell organisms native to these planet or moons, heavy mining can occur, with little scrutiny on how it is done. There are strict limitations on the machines that are used for this kind of mining. No artificial intelligence capable of self-awareness or individual characteristics is allowed to be used in such harsh manners, as it would be seen as enslavement of another intelligence, which is also absolutely illegal in United Republic law. Only machines of simplistic programming for specific tasks are allowed to be used for heavy mining and other hazardous tasks. Humans can also work in mining and heavy industry for considerable hazard pay, making it tantalizing for many colonists looking for a hefty paycheck, despite the risks involved. Orbital refineries with anti-gravity propulsion are built above small gas giants with helium 3 to mine the critical resource for fusion power plants and starship fuel.
2218 - With the formation of the URDF, it's determined that the military needs lots of room to work without civilian interference. Tau Ceti (12 light years from Sol) was reserved by the U.N. For special projects, now it's value becomes very apparent. There is a Garden World in the system as well as a small gas giant with a great deal of helium 3, along with 4 other rocky planets filled with resources necessary for ship construction. The United Republic Defense Forces immediately marks Tau Ceti as a military dominated system. The Garden World is named Olympia and construction of military facilities and a military based city for military families and support commerce begins.
Olympia is a planet slightly warmer than Earth, comprised of varied terrain covered in large forests and swamps, wide open prairies, several types of deserts, and both smooth and jagged mountain ranges, some covered in snow. Olympia also contains medium stable oceans, with only weak hurricanes during the summer period. The planet is also twice the size of Earth and so the planet's gravity rests at 1.29 G. Because the planet has additional gravity and a variety of environments, it's the perfect place to train military personnel, especially the URDF Marine Corps, since they will be most essential in various ground engagements. Olympia also holds two barren moons, each roughly the size of Luna. These moons will provide excellent training grounds for exospheric and low gravity combat.
The primary city being built on Olympia, will be called Olympus. Olympus will act as the primary headquarters for URDF high command throughout the Republic. It will be home to the secondary governing body – the High Admiralty Board. In the event the United Republic Parliament is destroyed or under duress, this military leadership takes temporary command of the Republic until the civilian government can be restored. Olympus will also be home to the URDF's Office of Defense INtelligence (ODIN) main Headquarters, where it can operate away from the prying eyes of the public. A space elevator to Olympus begins construction immediately to speed the pace of development. A massive military academy is built here as well with the purpose of teaching and training future officers of the URDF command structure. All along Olympia's surface are military installations of all kinds including training bases, military surplus storage, military science R&D facilities, test firing ranges, combat simulation regions, and dozens of other purpose built facilities. Olympia becomes one giant military facility.
The gas giant dubbed Aegis provides the URDF all the helium 3 fuel it needs in the region. This will give the military a secure fuel reserve as well so that military and commercial supply lines don't effect each other. Additionally, a military naval yard, larger than the Sol asteroid Belt Station, begins construction at the top of the Space elevator over Olympus. This Naval yard is meant to specifically build and manufacture Military Vessels. The URDF Navy begins to become a formidable force.
2225 - Every planet Humanity finds and colonizes, especially the Garden Worlds, brings the discovery of millions of new species. The number of species found on exo-solar planets now out numbers that of Earth's species count, both plants and animals. Some of these planets hold plants and animals with bio-luminescent characteristics or in some cases the line between plants and animals is blurred completely, and that's not all. Preliminary scans of extremely cold methane and ammonia based environments indicates organisms evolving in conditions that would kill a human or any other carbon based life form instantly. It begins to dawn on us the true diversity of life in the Universe.
The number of humans no longer living on Earth has exceeded 50 million, as more and more people move to the colonies to start a new life on the growing frontier. A whole Generation has now been able to be born and grow up on an exo-solar planet without having to ever visit Earth. Despite a growing exodus from Earth, the population has reached 13 billion due to massive economic prosperity. A desirable incentive for people to move from Earth is that birth control limits are not enforced in the colonies.
2230 - As technology gets smaller, in the nano-range, the ability to harness and safely contain fusion in small scales is discovered allowing for even the smallest ships to be powered by Micro-fusion. The cost of fusion power begins to drop due to growing supply sources of helium 3 and the size of fusion engines becoming very small. At the same time the size of FTL drives become smaller, cheaper, and easier to produce, dropping the construction of this technology to a fraction of the cost. The same occurs with artificial gravity plating, anti-gravity propulsion, and sub-light thrusters.
People can now purchase single person ships or small crew and cargo vessels capable of high speed sub-light for as low as 50,000 Zephyrs and FTL capable vessels for as low as 200,000 Zephyrs. The market for Small and Medium sized Starships explodes as the requirement for large ships costing millions of Zephyrs to build for transportation begins to diminish. Many corporations jump on this development of technology and FTL travel skyrockets, especially in the mass transportation field as travel between planet becomes more and more common.
Fine tuning of Superluminal Tunneling has brought the speed of travel to 31 light years per hour with a drift of only 1,000 kilometers, a minimum jump range of .1 LY and 2.5% duration variance. Communication has now been focused to 5 light years per second allowing for rapid communication, though still not effective enough for real time conversations at long range. While instant two way communication through a corridor has not been solved, it is possible to send one way communication from Point A to Point B, upon receiving the communication Point B can then send a return communication instantly back to Point A. This progresses communication from one way messaging to two way semi-instant communication. A sophisticated web of communication stations and relays begins to spread out connecting a planet or system's population with the rest of the Republic. The size of the stations allows for millions of simultaneous communication corridors to open for long durations for data transfer and even live streaming. the 'Galaxy Wide Network' is established connecting everyone in the republic with everything from entertainment to education databases to social networks.
Because of the lag time in long range communication, more research is invested into quantum entanglement communication, in which instant communication can theoretically occur instantly between any two places in the universe, regardless of distance. There are drawbacks of this type of communication though, namely the cost is too extreme for mass production. Additionally quantum entanglement communication can only flow between two points and have to operate on a dedicated transmitter, meaning trying to transmit between a dozen different locations would require 12 separate transmission nodes. Because the requirement of large, very expensive individual transmission nodes for mass communications would be in the millions, it won't be practical for use by the public. However, high level Government and Military facilities and URDF warships will be equipped with these for efficient and secure command and control throughout the United Republic. The first one installed is a direct QEC relay between the United Republic Parliament on Earth and the United Republic Defense Forces High Admiralty Board on Olympia.
2235 - As it becomes harder to track corporate activity in an ever expanding territory, new laws in genetic engineering and artificial intelligence development are created by the United Republic. Human cloning and mutation research are forbidden by law except by government labs and only under strict protocols, and artificial intelligence creation requires government approval on development methods and inception of a new A.I.
However, gene modification and selection is allowed, in order to gradually improve humanity on a genetic level. Obesity, Diabetes, and a dozen other undesired genetic traits have essentially been written out of the human genome. Hard line religions like Christianity have resisted against such actions, but religious worship beyond personal beliefs have been gradually decreasing at a significant rate ever since the discovery of life on Europa and expansion from Earth.
2240 - 35 garden worlds and over a hundred lower tier planets within 250 LY are in some way inhabited either by millions in quickly growing cities or by only a handful on homesteads. The number of Humans no longer living on Earth has doubled to over 100 million. Progress is being made in just about every scientific, industrial, social, economic and military field. The United Republic prospers everywhere.
2252 - Large scale Electro-Plasma windows are availazle now. This will make hangers on large ships and stations much easier to board by small vessels and single ships. Prior to this, smaller ships would have to dock with larger ships and stations either by hard dock on the exterior of the hull or through a slow tedious air-lock system. Now ships can flow through a plasma window that allows solid objects to pass through, while the window keeps the atmosphere of the hanger bay from escaping into the vacuum of space. This will streamline the process of loading and unloading cargo and passengers, and by extension trade and commerce as a whole.
Plasma windows will be best utilized on URDF carriers, planetary assault ships, and other vessels allowing fighters, bombers, gunships, and other military craft to deploy and return to and from a ship's hanger bay. This alters Naval doctrine in the construction of military vessels. Instead of constructing carriers specifically to deploy fighters and other small craft, building cruisers and frigates to fill ship to ship combat roles, and manufacturing planetary assault ships to deploy Marines, all classes of ships will be built to fill all three roles. From Frigate to Dreadnaught, military vessels will be able to launch and recover small strike craft, engage other ships, and deploy Marines on both worlds and as boarding parties against other ships.
2255 - Because of this change in naval strategy, the URDF High Admiralty board begins drawing up plans to greatly expand the size of the URDF's Navy and Marine Corps. If what Daedalus said about other developing intelligence in the galaxy is true, then sooner or later Humanity is going to run into them. A diplomatic first contact would certainly be preferable, but the United Republic needs to be prepared for an aggressive species with a strong enough force to seriously threaten Humanity. Also, it's pretty well understood - after looking at mankind's history - that as the republic expands further and further away from Earth, some colonies are going to want to become sovereign. While semi-autonomy will certainly be allowed to ensure The United Republic doesn't become an empire like so many republics before it, the unity of mankind must be maintained. A massive and unmatched military force will discourage dissent and rebellion... hopefully. With massive economic prosperity and desire for greater security, the United Republic Parliament easily signs off on massive military funding.
With virtually no war for the last 175 years and the impressive benefits involved, The United Republic Defense Forces becomes a very desirable career path. The URDF swells to over 40 million active duty and reserve personnel, 20 million in the URDF Engineering Corps alone helping build the colonies and the URDF fleets. 8 million in the URDF Navy and Marine Corps each and the remaining 4 million in the Army or Air Force. Construction of the URDF's Flagship 'Spirit of Sol', a 2.3 kilometer long Super-Carrier/Dreadnought Hybrid begins.
2260 - Garden worlds several hundred light years from Sol begin Colonization, including Ellix Prime and Ellix Minor, a Planet and an orbiting Moon respectively, within the Coronis System 487 LY from Earth. Amazingly, both are Garden worlds with lush forests and large oceans. Ellix Prime is 1.73 times the size of Earth with 1.27 G, comprised of several continents and oceans. Ellix Minor is 63% the size of Earth with .72 G with one large continent stretching from pole to pole and one super ocean. Because of this unique dual habitability, Ellix will become a very important colony for the Republic.
2275 - Humanity has risen to over 14 billion in population, a billion humans now living outside the Sol System. Population rise on Earth has begun to plateau as a result of mass colonization. The United Republic Parliament now consists of 80 members from Earth and Mars (5 from each nation), and over 400 from across the Republic (three members from each colony). The United Republic has now existed for 60 years, and is remaining strongly united. The United Republic now extends 800 light years from Sol at it's furthest point.
2280 - Cloaking technology - in the form of optical, infrared, and thermal, radioactive and Electro-Magnetic invisibility - is available. Optical cloaking has been possible to do for nearly 200 years, but it is now possible to conceal the thermal signature of anything from a person to a starship, as well as the radioactive and EM field for the latter. This is prohibitively expensive to do, so only the most elite special forces and specialized stealth ships will be able to carry this technology. Corporations and PMC’s find the technology very helpful in keeping dark and even dangerous secrets from the government.
2290 - Every garden world within the 1,000 LY radius marked in the PRAXIS, now has some form of colony established. Mars is now capable of withholding a breathable atmosphere at a safe pressure. To ensure this achievement isn't short-lived by a powerful enough solar wind, two massive electromagnetic field generators are built, one at each pole. They will create a magnetic field around the entire planet, though not as strong as Earth's, it will be able to withstand natural radiation from the sun, and keep the atmosphere from blowing away again. This is very important, because there are over 27 million people now living on the planet, too many to keep bottled up in habitat domes. Grass and small trees have begun to grow around the planet, near the newly formed lakes and streams. gradually turning the once red to green & blue.
Aside from Earth, Olympia is the United Republic's most strategic planet, and is deemed the Fail-safe world in case something catastrophic were to happen to Earth, such as a massive asteroid blind-siding Earth before it can be intercepted or a powerful enough gamma-ray-burst passing through Earth and subsequently scorching the ozone, atmosphere, and the planet with high intensity X-ray and gamma ray radiation. Olympia is now inhabited by 80 million, mostly in Olympus or around the surrounding countryside. It is essentially the fortress world to protect Earth.
Andridia, in the 18 Scorpii System is the most populated colony, with well over 200 million inhabiting dozens of cities and towns around the surface. Andridia becomes an important commercial trading hub, and aside from Earth has the largest economic income. Terra Nova, Porgora, Krisla, Serenity and dozens of other Garden Worlds have become impressive colonies with both tall elegant cities and wide open natural scenery. The 1,000 LY radius in which Daedalus provided the garden worlds and other habitable planets and moons is henceforth considered the Core Worlds (inner colonies), and the 1,000 LY border is dubbed the Green Line.
2293 - It has now been one hundred years since the discovery of the PRAXIS. Three generations have been able to be born and live their entire lives without ever traveling to Earth, though with travel fairly inexpensive and fast throughout the Republic it's very easy to do this. People can now get on a transport and be at Earth within 2 days at the outside; those close enough could get on a flight to Earth in the morning, attend a business meeting, and be back for dinner, though this depends on the rotation period of the world. Because no two planets have the exact same rotational or orbital period, telling time across the Republic is a nightmare for citizens and corporations alike. The United Republic runs on a standard 24 hour time, 365 day calendar, in order to maintain some semblance of a unified time keeping method. All the Republic planets use this as either their primary or auxiliary time, and as a result many humans, especially those that travel between many worlds, have irregular sleeping patterns.
2300 - Through advanced health management and incredible medical improvements, the average life expectancy of a healthy human is 112:M and 114:F, and the oldest recorded person has now lived to 153 years old. People can now comfortably live out an entire century and possibly meet descendants 4, 5, or even 6 generations ahead of them. This is mainly thanks to the ability to increase the regenerative capacities of cells in the human body, both in the speed in which cells are replaced (i.e. Healing of wounds and injuries) as well as the long term duration of cell replenishment. In other words, people at the age of 75 can look as young as a 35 year old.
On the opposite end of the lifespan, children are learning faster and becoming more intelligent at younger ages, thanks to genetic engineering and advances in technology, allowing them to intellectual and social maturity much earlier. Despite this, the legal Education is extremely encouraged and many financial and social incentives exist to make children and adolescence competitive in school. Athleticism is also highly competitive and with traits like obesity no longer a stigma on human evolution, it's expected for individuals to maintain proper fitness.
Social programs exist to allow less fortunate people to get by in day to day life, due to the abundance of food and hydration and the massive number of construction projects occurring throughout the Republic. However, there is strict control of financial assistance to ensure large numbers of people do not abuse the system to fund their personal lives. The government offers many labor programs in which unemployed people can be temporarily hired to work on government projects - mainly construction or agriculture - in exchange for stipends.
2304 - Since the early 21st century, Kepler 62, A K-type Star outside the Green Line, has been thought to hold a potential garden world in it's habitable zone, possibly two. It's hoped that if there is a tier one planet here, it will prove humanity is capable of discovering new habitable planets for colonization on it's own. A URDF frigate with a research team arrives at the star 1,200 LY from Earth. Upon arrival at Kepler 62f, the discovery is not what was expected and sends a disturbing chill throughout the United Republic.
The planet is covered with ancient cities in ruins and massive stretches of wasteland, the remains of a civilization that no longer exists. After further investigation it appears that the planet is saturated in radiation and beginning to recover from an ice age. Once several eroding craters are found, it becomes fairly clear what has happened. Analysis indicates that approximately 3,500 years ago, hundreds of nuclear detonations occurred across the planet, followed swiftly by a nuclear winter that brought on the extinction of virtually all life above bacteria. After light excavation, hundreds of skeletons of a humanoid species are found buried under decaying debris and dunes of soil. They appear to have been on average 7 feet tall and fairly slender, but their superficial description is hard to determine.
While a foreign species attack was possible, it's theorized that the species had not discovered long range space travel, as there is very little debris in orbit comprised of primitive satellites. But it does appear they had harnessed nuclear fission and possibly fusion. From this point there is likely variance in what occurred, but the best guess would be that the planet became extremely industrialized to the point that the planet's resources were depleted. As fighting occurred over the last remaining supplies on the planet, it escalated into nuclear confrontation, killing a high percentage of the population. Those that survived this holocaust were slowly killed off by nuclear fall out, perpetual nuclear winter, and starvation, which also gradually drew any other species to extinction. The oceans are irradiated and acidic and the planet will likely not fully recover for millions of years. Several skeletal remains from the humanoid species and the other organisms of the planet are excavated from areas of little or no radiation and taken back to the United Republic for study and possibly cloning.
Kepler 62e is also searched. Though not a tier one garden world, a small colony built by the species is found. Skeletons of the species are found here as well with no radiation effects. These are collected as well since they are the best untainted remains. It seems the colony was not destroyed by the nuclear war on Kepler 62f, but with supplies cut off from the home planet and little habitability on the colony world, it appears the colonists died off from starvation or other means soon after. The exterior structures are heavily eroded from 3500 years of exposure, but an underground facility is found that is mostly intact. Inside there is some form of a perpetual motion generator. Kepler 62e appears to be composed of an unusually high amount of ferromagnetic metals like iron and cobalt, so it's magnetic field is strong enough to allow perpetual motion generators to work. After 3 Millennia of wear and tear, the generator is defunct and not itself useful, but it could help provide insight into the technology. Because the facility was a sealed environment, and air inside was expended thousands of years earlier, much of the materials inside have survived to be studied. After searching, computer systems - obsolete by human standards - are found intact and jerry-rigged to accept power from mobile generators the research team brought with them. With some work, the team is able to access what look like historical data, video and audio recording and photographs. The language, while similar to how humans speak, isn't understandable, however the video and photographs shed insight on what this species looked like. They were certainly human-like, different shades of green and yellow skin, tall, slender, and similar in head and facial features to that of humans.
The data is copied and taken back to The PRAXIS for translation... And to get answers to very serious questions. When asked if he knew of this species, Daedalus hesitated for some time before simply confirming his knowledge of them. He. then says there is another structure identical to the PRAXIS on Kepler 62f or Sedrat as it was known, and that the species, known as Lygarians, were another upcoming intelligence believed to eventually become a spacefaring race. Daedalus says that the chance of an intelligent species surviving past the point of creating nuclear energy and weapons is not in its favor. Humanity knows this only too well as it had come to the brink of nuclear armageddon on more than one occasion in the past. Sadly this could be the fate of many species throughout the galaxy. This brought up the question of what happened to Daedalus's creators, but he still refuses to answer, though he does hint that connection between the archive structures may unlock some of its hidden functions. Interestingly, Daedalus seemed genuinely sad to learn about the Lygarian’s demise. This implies that he expresses emotion, despite his nature as an artificial intelligence.
2305 - Upon searching Sedrat, another object identical to the PRAXIS is excavated from half a mile of rock and activated. the A.I. for this PRAXIS is asked about connecting to Daedalus, and it explains that a quantum entanglement connection has been activated between the structures, and the two A.I.'s are now in communication with one another. After reviewing Human history, this A.I. fashions itself with the name “Izanami” – the Goddess of Creation and Death in Japanese Mythology – and “she” has a reason for it. She provides the research team with pristine genetic samples of the Lygarian species, and asks that humanity attempt to revive the Lygarians. She wishes for a second chance to teach the species that she was assigned to so long ago.
Izanami grants humanity access to her PRAXIS and this in turn unlocks new information that gives garden world locations within 1,000 light years of Sedrat; many of these are within Earth's Green Line up 800 light years closer. It appears that the PRAXI Structures are designed to display spherical maps of garden worlds that significantly over-lap each other so that advanced species will inevitably bump into each other, but home worlds' of each species are not at direct risk of domination. Additionally, many planets – including garden worlds – are revealed within the Green Line that were not identified by Earth’s PRAXIS, confirming the suspicion that Daedalus did not reveal all potential habitable planets near Earth.
Then Izanami does something new, she unlocks an opening on the mid-section of the PRAXIS. Inside is a "transportation - like" device. Izanami explains that it's able to create a portal to other PYRAXI Structures activated by the same species. This portal sends a person or object small enough to fit within the portal instantaneously to another PRAXIS. When asked what else will happen if more of these structures are found, Izanami simply says that the data is unavailable.
At the advice of Izanami, combined with the devastated state of Sedrat and it's remoteness from the Republic, keeping the structure on the dead world is deemed irresponsible, and it's relocation to the surface begins. Only after the largest ship the URDF has is brought to Sedrat, can the large structure be lifted off the planet. It’s transported back to Olympia, where it will remain as a direct connection between Earth and Olympia. It's rested into position near the URDF' High Command in Olympus, where the Admiralty Board functions. In light of this the PRAXIS on Earth is excavated from deep within the Antarctic ice and moved near the United Republic Parliament building in Nairobi. This will allow safe, fast travel between both governments for day to day politics and decision making, as well as act as an escape route for the Parliament officials if the parliament ever comes under attack. While much of the findings of Sedrat and it's PRAXIS are made public, the operation of this portal is restricted to government and military use only. The structure on Earth is designated "PRAXIS 01", while the structure on Olympia is designated "PRAXIS 02". Preliminary surveys of Sedrat's habitable planet mapping sphere - dubbed the "Yellow Line" - begins.
2310 - FTL travel speed has been focused to 43 Light Years per Hour or over a thousand light years per day, and communication is now 50 light years per second or 3,000 light years per minute. Because of such high speed, cryo-stasis has fallen out of use in the commercial and private sectors. But the military still mandates that enough cryo-stasis pods for a full crew are built into warships, in the event an FTL and communications are damaged. Additionally, minimum stable jump range has been dramatically lowered to a million kilometers, allowing for very short range jumps. While this will increase the efficiency of commerce and transit, it will be most effective for new military combat tactics for fighters, bombers, & dropships, as well as massive warships, in numerous situations.
Low level colonization inside the Yellow line begins, with small populations moving to the first of the "outer colonies". With this new surge in expansion, comes increased trade and commerce through out the United Republic. It becomes harder to maintain constant security around the hundreds of colonies, especially those beyond the Green Line, and that has led to increase in crime and piracy. Small gangs begin to harass merchant and private vessels in the outer regions of the Republic, and dissenters find the outer colonies a safe haven from government oversight. To hit back, the URDF maintains constant patrols and sets up garrisons on each new colony.
2315 - The United Republic celebrates it's first Centennial. With 100 years under the United Republic's belt, the future of Humanity is shaping up to be relatively peaceful and prosperous for centuries to come.
Clones of the Lygarian species found on Sedrat are embryonically formed in a government lab on Olympia from the genetic samples provided by A.I. Izanami. Because there were only a dozen samples to replicate the DNA from, randomized human genes are added to their genetic code. This is so that if the Lygarian clones are able to reproduce in the future, there won't be a degenerative reproduction cycle with so few of the species. For now 3-4 Lygarian-human hybrids for each separate sample will be given life, and their biological reference will be Neo-Lygarius-Sapien. They are born as infants of the species. Unfortunately, it takes some trial and error to properly develop these hybrids and figure out their dietary requirements and medical needs. Eventually though proper care for them is made. Because there is no basis for how they were taught or how they lived, the only other option is to raise them by human standards with human language and customs. Because humans cloned this species and are teaching them themselves, this technically wouldn't be considered first contact with a technologically-advanced species. How to raise these Lygarian clones and how they live when they mature is also heavily debated. It's decided a normal human setting is better for raising these Lygarian children than a scary isolated research lab will be. A small town is built in the countryside of Olympia to raise these children. This is to limit the impact from the immense interest from the scientific community and the public, and allow the children to grow up without being under intense scrutiny. Families of many of the researchers and scientists on this project move to this town, appropriately named 'Second Chance', in order to allow human children to interact with the Lygarian children, and determine if these Lygarian clones could safely enter into human society. Some scientists and psychologists volunteer to "adopt" these children, though they are under government supervision.
2325 - The URDF consists of over a thousand warships now, consisting of 8 Dreadnoughts/Super Carriers, 19 Battlecruisers, 54 Cruisers, 112 Destroyers, 215 Frigates, and 600 other smaller or special craft like patrol boats or colony ships. However some of these ships are approaching 50, 75, or even 100 years old. Next generation vessels begin construction and cycle out the older ships. The older ships are eventually de-commissioned and sent to the new Crematoria scrapyards, a large boneyard for starships, near a metal rich asteroid field in the Reetle System. Here Materials from ships are dissected and recycled for construction of new ships. A large station is constructed which is part recycling refinery part shipyard. Materials are also sent from here to other shipyards throughout the Republic. Construction of Pride Space Station, nearly 7 kilometers in height, begins over Earth, with a space elevator descending down to Singapore.
2335 - The First generation Lygarian clones have reached what is believed maturity, though they appear to age slightly slower than humans. The Lygarian clones have responded well to human parenting and education and it appears they are eager to rebuild their species as an extension from human society. They have received high level education and all show high levels of intelligence. They have reached their average adult height of 2.1 meters for males & 1.9 meters for females, and are taller than most adult humans, but do not display superiority from this fact. Aside from there height and greenish yellow pigmented skin, they greatly resemble humans both on a superficial and a bio-anatomical level. Digestion, respiration, circulation, and reproduction are essentially the same. Hair color varies from black to purple to white, and eye colors are purple, blue, orange, or red. The ears are elongated, giving the classic human perception of Elf or Faunus like ears, but that is simply a mis-conception, since there's nothing special about human ears.
The teachers explain mating to the Lygarian clones from a human perspective, since their sexual organs are similar to that of humans, but little is understood of any variance from human mating, so the Lygarians are basically left to their own devices for sex. Several of the clones do find intimacy in each other, a couple even in the humans they grew up with as children. Despite their height, their physical and intellectual resemblance to humans make them emotionally and sexually appealing to humans and vice versa. Because the Lygarians really don't know any better, they allow some of the scientists to study and observe them in intercourse. A male human and female Lygarian, as well as well as a female human and male Lygarian reportedly engage in a romantic relationship, however these partners are far more intimate with each other and do not allow study of their sexual acts. While these inter-species intimacies are considered taboo, they will provide great insight into whether Humans and other similar intelligent species can inter-breed and form hybrid species. The genome of Humans and Lygarians is quite similar, especially considering these clones were created with some auxiliary human genes to create variety in the genetic code and prevent degenerative reproduction, so it is possible that children can be born from both species.
Because so few of the Lygarian Clones exist, new clones with randomized genetic code begin conception as well so that there will be a higher number and variety of Lygarians in the second generation. This second generation of clones should be much less flawed than any of the first generation Lygarians. An interesting note, monitoring Lygarian sexual intercourse, the Lygarians show a dramatic increase in bio-electric flow throughout the body and a neurological connection between partners exists in some form. According to the inter-species couples this occurs as well, increasing pleasure and connected intimacy.
2336 - The Lygarian clones begin having children naturally. It appears that the maternal pregnancy period lasts about eleven months for Lygarians compared to the human's nine. Most of the children are born completely healthy, with a few needing minimal health assistance in developing the lungs. The two inter-species couples also have children, with each child having traits from both parents/species. The adult Lygarians are offered to enter government service either in the military or science departments. They can move around public on Olympia, but need special permission to travel off planet. When the few individuals do spend time in Olympus or other cities around the planet, the people look at the with awe and curiosity, many eager to meet the tall, multi-colored species. Because the Lygarians learned human language - mostly English and some Mandirin & Spanish - communication with everyone is as smooth and fluid as talking to any other human. While each Lygarian parent will be responsible for raising their child or children, human parents will help teach the process of parenting. Lygarians will also transition into teaching the second generation. With combined naturally born children and second generation clones, the Lygarian population rises to 70 over next couple years.
2345 - Reports around the Republic both on Earth and the colonies begin to emerge of a few children growing up with heightened senses; some with impressive sight, others with extended hearing range, still others with a high sensitivity to smell. The reports are investigated by government scientists, and these children are found to indeed have heighten awareness, but they are concluded to be rare mutations in the children's' genes. However, observational study of group activities like 'hide and seek' indicates they are significantly faster and more efficient at these tasks then the children around them. However, at the same time they displayed a slight social distance from others, often keeping to themselves unless encouraged to participate. The children are tagged and annual check-ups occur under the guise of physicals or dental appointments.
After analysis of blood tests and brain scans, it appears that a genetic evolution has occurred which has increased the children's brain activity, allowing for their heightened sensory. Whether this is a natural mutation or the result of an accidental exposure from previous generations is difficult to tell. This enhanced ability being inherited to these children's descendants also remains to be seen.
2350 - Human population has reached 18 billion. Earth has begun to decrease in population and now rests at 12 billion, while the other 6 billion live on the 500+ colonies throughout the Republic. On Earth, Oceans have risen to 3 meters (about 10 feet) above the 2000 C.E. Level. However, global warming has begun winding down and the natural beauty of Earth has begun to return. Through cloning, many extinct species - plants and animals - have been reborn whether it be in the dense jungles of the amazon, the grassy plains of the African savanna, or the depths of the oceans. And the garden worlds so far colonized have been relatively unaltered by humanity's expansion, mainly because buildings can now reach as high as three kilometers into the sky, allowing cities to be small in area size, but still support millions.
2355 - Second generation Lygarians (both naturals and clones) have reached maturity. With a population now at 100. The Lygarians are made full citizens of the United Republic, and may now venture out beyond the confines of Olympia, though most of them prefer to maintain a permanent residence on Olympia; for them, it's home. Several move from Second Chance to Olympus. About 30 of the adults have joined the URDF. Their combat abilities are impressive. With their significant height and slender physique, they can comfortably run at 25 kilometers per hour and make 2 meter vertical leaps allowing them to be excellent at parkour and evasion. Several join special forces in the Marines and Navy.
2360 - Through advanced nano-tech and new heat and radiation management materials, Nano-fusion is now possible, allowing for massive power supply from power cores that can fit in the palm of a hand. Life-spans vary depending on the size of the core and the amount of power drawn, but they are unmeasurably more powerful then even the best battery systems. The first prototypes of small arms able to use electromagnetic firing mechanisms rather than propellant based munitions begin testing.
2372 - The M72A EMAR is the first Electromagnetic Assault Rifle that begins mass production to be the standard issue rifle of the URDF. This weapons uses a nano-core to power a railgun type system. Instead of firing a conical bullet like weapons of the last 500 years, it fires a tungsten disk 3 cm wide and 1.2 mm thick at 2200 meters per second. The shear width of this projectile causes devastating damage to flesh and light cover and impales into or even ricochets off of hard cover. Other weapon classes like pistols and shotguns are derived from this technology. Even a grenade launcher which fires high explosive disks Is created and issued for Infantry support. most of these weapons platforms are produced through Artemis Defense Industries.
2375 - The children with enhanced senses have now grown to full adults and many have had children of their own, and others have naturally been born with these traits as well. United Republic scientists wish to study this new generation to determine if the heightened sensory trait has been passed on. To make the parents of these children feel comfortable with this study, it is volunteer only with the incentive that high level education will be partially, if not fully paid for when the children grow up and wish to attend universities throughout the Republic. Many parents do allow their children to be studied as long as it doesn't drastically effect their childhood. Project Alpha begins, starting with discreet observation in public (so as not to single the children out amongst their peers) and private tests to better understand their capabilities. Because the project consists of dozens of children from all over the Republic, centralized research is difficult.
At the same time 3rd generation Lygarians are beginning to be born, or are in early childhood. Because of the vast government involvement in there childhood and adolescence, Lygarians find working in the government or military much more welcoming then in the private sector, as many humans see them as outsiders because so few are seen off of Olympia. Interestingly, Lygarians show better sensory awareness than most humans, especially sight and hearing on par with the children entering Project Alpha.
2380 - The URDF creates a new branch of special forces known as Rapid Insertion Vanguard or RIV under the command of the Marine Corps. This unit will employ a combat tactic known as orbital drop, in which an atmospheric re-entry pod with an occupant(s) jettisons from a larger warship anywhere between low atmosphere to high orbit and can quickly drop onto the battlefield without the time or risk it takes to deploy from larger dropships. The danger involved in the maneuver is high, but the combat effectiveness of deploying hundreds of Marines into a combat zone behind enemy lines outweighs the risk.
2385 - As many of the children in Project Alpha have now reached 14 - 17 the URDF's Office of Defense Intelligence takes an interest in their abilities. These young adults are offered to join the military early and hone their enhanced sensory in self-defense, survival skills and intellectual ability and give them impressive advantages for their future. Some parents are concerned by this proposition, but many of their children are eager to join and the lack of any war for the last three centuries convinces many of the parents that this is a great opportunity for their children. Lygarian teenagers are also given the same opportunity, with almost every Lygarian parent preferring their children join the program. ODIN creates a specialized program at Olympus Academy for these new cadets, and begins an intensive academic, physical fitness, and combat tactics training regime under the supervision of scientists, military teachers, and special forces veterans. These cadets become part of Project Apex, while Project Alpha continues to identify and study more human children with "Enhanced Sensory Ability" or ESA. A dozen or so are identified every year from this point.
2390 - The first group of Project Apex complete their primary training. By the end of this intensive 5 year program, the cadets now have at least a dozen martial arts styles including CQB and Systema, Advanced parkour techniques, incredible tactical battle knowledge and combat training, and a high understanding in a broad field of sciences, maths, and various other studies like political science. ODIN offers these cadets the opportunity to join virtually any field in the URDF, including the URDF Marine Corps' new RIV program, ODIN's advanced R&D department, or the next evolution to project Apex, which will be Project Predator: a Hyper-Advanced Covert-Ops, Espionage, and Infiltration unit specifically designed for human ESA candidates and Lygarians. Because the cadets recent training involves Officer Candidate School, whatever they choose, they will be commissioned as officers, including the Lygarians. The ESA or Lygarian cadet also has the choice to return to civilian life, though this is discouraged, but because ESA's side effect is diminished social behavior and Lygarians prefer government service, almost no one desires to turn away the impressive careers in the military. While Human ESA decreases the desire to socially 'mingle' with others, it doesn't significantly alter the person's emotional, personal, or sexual desires. Many of the ESA candidates are ambitious and proud to be part of the URDF, and many become romantically involved with people, in some cases both being ESA candidates. The Lygarians are even better off; they have these enhanced senses naturally, but are also very social and intimate with others.
The URDF has been an extremely open and equal military since it's founding: women can actively serve in every role including special forces, same sex partners are absolutely accepted, and religious freedom is completely allowed. Because tens of millions of men and women serve the URDF in every role, often for long tours of duty, many become intimately attached to each other, and some romantically involved. It's simply human nature, and the High Admiralty Board does appreciate future pro-military generations which can be best created from both parents being veterans. Code of Conduct and Regulations on intimacy are relaxed notably, and sexual acts between service members are allowed so long as it is done off-duty in private, doesn't interfere with combat readiness, doesn't cause biased conduct, and doesn't occur between a difference of 3 or more ranks within the same chain of command. If an official declaration of intimacy is made, such as engagement or marriage, then both partners must be placed at separate postings so as not to cause distraction in a combat situation or - In the case of straight-sex couple - if a child is expected, then the mother must take maternal leave. Upon recovery from birth, the mother must then choose to leave her and partner's child with a guardian, transfer to an administrative position in order to maintain primary care of the child, or file for medical/honorable discharge. This leads to a small class of the human population that is very much military oriented and prides itself on military heritage and a code of honor that they then pass on to their children. Many of these families live on or move to Olympia because of it's military prowess and influence. Olympia becomes a symbol of the military elite, and joining the URDF is considered both the highest of honors and the expectation from many parents.
2400 - As piracy and crime continue to rise in the outer colonies, a push for strong military action is made. The URDF begins active search and capture or search and destroy missions against pirate ships and outposts in the outer colonies, in what becomes known as the Piracy Conflicts. In light of this a Tier 3 planet that is barely habitable and completely isolated from other colonized planets is selected for a massive high security prison. Tartarus - as it comes to be known - is a barren world with much of the planet in a volcanically active state, causing roughly 20% of the surface to be molten lava and choking the atmosphere with hazardous amounts of ash and soot. The prison facilities are scattered around the planet and are sealed against the harsh atmosphere. Only military transports are authorized to deliver supplies and transport staff and prisoners and Heavy anti-ship and anti-air defense batteries are sprinkled around the planet to deter or shoot down some one foolish enough to stage an escape. If a prisoner does manage to escape the facility, not only will he or she be unable to escape from the planet, the lethal environment will likely force them to return to the safety of the prison or else it will kill them.
The Piracy Conflicts give the Marine Corps the perfect opportunity to battle-test RIV tactics and allow these special forces to get combat experience which has been hard to come by for the last three hundred years. The pirate groups, some of which can reach as many as 2,500 members often put up a fight, but are no match against RIV. Terrorism has also occurred on occasion and in small scale, mostly individuals attempting to diminish the URDF's control in the outer colonies, however no real goal or support from others is notable at this time.
Meanwhile, crime has thrived on the expansion of Humanity; organized crime within the inner colonies, while the outer colonies have become a frontier rife with black market trade and individual criminal activities like robbery and murder, which in turn has lead to vigilante actions by many civilians. However, the URDF is not authorized to take action in these circumstances or it may otherwise be seen as militaristic police force, and so it is up to United Republic police and security forces. Unfortunately the outer colonies are difficult to maintain local security over, as many planets only have small colonies and even smaller police forces. The Republic begins hiring Private Security Firms and Bounty Hunters to aid in security and help track down criminals.
Additionally, ODIN authorizes Project Predator to work covertly in teams or "Wolf-Packs" to hunt down the most dangerous and elusive criminals and terrorists. Project Predator has now been active for ten years with over 50 operators who all ascended from Project Apex and chose to continue sharpening their skills. Because of the ESA and Lygarian operators' enhanced senses and intense training, they are excellent trackers in the field and spies in stake-out and deep cover operations. However, to maintain their secrecy, they operate on black ops protocols, so despite their rapidly rising successes, they receive virtually no recognition outside of Project Predator and ODIN.
2415 - It has now been 200 years since the formation of the United Republic and over 600 planets have now been colonized. Over 170 of these planets are considered Garden Worlds and all have large populations in the scale between small cities with a few hundred thousand to massive metropolises home to tens of millions, not counting those that live around the planet outside the cities. Human Population has now reached 21 Billion, 11.2 billion still call Earth home, while the other ten billion reside somewhere in the now 2,500 light year wide republic.
The United Republic is still flourishing in every field. While most Garden worlds maintain several agricultural facilities in skyscrapers, several green worlds are dedicated to acting as the bread baskets of the Republic and export fruits, vegetables, wheats & starches, and poultry for billions on a daily basis. Technology is being constantly updated and upgraded and it's hard to determine major discoveries because of the rapid yet gradual flow of technological evolution. Because of constant technological evolution and colonization, the economy is booming, the Zephyr is high in value and poverty is extremely low.
The URDF begins phasing in a new generation of warships and decommissioning older ones. A nice bonus in the new generation of warships is the addition of reaction chambers where anti-protons are injected along with protons that annihilate each and give off intense amounts of energy and heat. This energy is directed into the fusion plasma exhaust ports which lead to the sub-light thrusters. The result is incredible accelerations and maneuvering capabilities. This method, while a violent process, is inherently safer than the actual fusion reactors. However, the fuel required is anti-matter, which is far more difficult and expensive to produce anti-protons and can only be effectively produced in massive particle accelerators, as such it can't be used as a primary propulsion system and because of this will only act as a secondary fuel injection system for rapid accelerations. Still, this will allow the URDF warships to fly faster than any other ship, since anti-matter is so expensive that only the government and a handful of corporations can utilize it.
2419 - There are over 3,000 living ESA candidates and 200 Lygarians, but these gifted individuals and their abilities are given little public notice. That is until 2419. An incident occurs in which seven members of the United Republic Parliament are kidnapped at a charity event on a garden world in the outer colonies and held hostage for ransom. After two weeks of searching planet to planet regular authorities and the military were unable to find the senators or their kidnappers. Unknown to the rest of the Republic, Project Predator Operators were tracking the kidnappers down. Hours before the deadline to pay a ransom, the ESA and Lygarian warriors tracked them down to the heavily populated Core world of Andridia. Minutes before the kidnappers were going to kill one of the government officials, 8 Operators hit the kidnappers hide-out deep in the capital city, New Arcadia in a multi-prong surprise attack, which resulted in 9 of the kidnappers dead and 37 more disarmed and taken into custody. All the parliament members were safely rescued and none the Predators operators were killed in the rescue, however, the skirmish had found itself in the streets of New Arcadia and the shadow of Project Predator has been unveiled.
While the program's existence and many of the missions that were taken in the past had violated more than a couple laws, the actions taken in that rescue mission has given Project Predator, and by extension all ESA candidates and Lygarians overwhelming praise. Lygarians and People with ESA, especially those in the military are seen as superhuman and heroic. Many begin coining the human ESA individuals with the term "Enhanced", and those in the military - especially Project Predator - are referred to as "Hunters" and "Huntresses" because of their apex predator instincts naturally born in them. These will more or less transcend into the informal titles of those with ESA. At the same time 3rd and 4th generation "Enhanced" humans are in their childhood. Those born with both parents having ESA - which is only a handful at this point - show heightened awareness, even at a very young age. The Lygarians receive immense praise as well, so much so that the public begins welcoming them with open arms, and even an embassador from the tiny population is selected to serve in the Republic Parliament. Because of their ominous ancient history and their speed and agility in athletics and combat, Lygarians in Project Predator and the military are often referred to as "Phantoms" for males and "Banshees" for females.
2420 - With Hunters and Huntresses gaining more attention, some are sought after and paid very well to act as bounty hunters and body guards in the private sector due to their acute senses and combat expertise. The sensational rise of ESA attention has even led to the propositions of a couple new sports based on the skills hunters and huntresses have. Lygarians are also sought after, but because so few exist and because they prefer government careers, few switch over to the private sector.
In light of the public exposure of Project Predator, The High Admiralty Board authorizes the project’s evolution into the URDF Predator Corps to act as a sixth branch of the military, and under the direct command of ODIN. Due to the expected long term existence of the different ESA projects, Project Alpha is converted into the Prodigy Initiative and Project Apex is renamed the Apex Program.
2430 - Some of the 4th generation "Enhanced" are beginning to show even sharper awareness beyond just their senses. Now in their teens or twenties some are beginning to show advanced reaction time to threats and display a form of psychometric ability. While the affected individuals all show skills in both, there seems to be stronger specialization in one of the skills based on gender. Males appear to react faster in hand-to-hand, melee, and weapons combat as well as tactical problem solving in dangerous situations. Females appear to have stronger psychometric influence, meaning they can sense the environment around them on a metaphysical level, even with their eyes closed, allowing them to sense threats - even those hidden from normal human senses - and employ ingenuity, creativity, and unorthodox solutions to complex problems. This will make Hunters and Huntresses even more effective in combat and survival skills and be a symbol for human evolution. Lygarians don't show a higher level of sensory awareness like this new iteration of human ESA candidates, but their speed and agility and their social normalcy certainly makes up for this.
2435 - This marks the point in which more people collectively live off of Earth than on it. Earth Population is 11.1 Billion, while those that do not live on Earth now reach 11.2 Billion.
Artemis Defense Industries has been producing disk projectile railgun firearms for over 60 years and has held a monopoly in the market. However, this year Mjolnir Arms Corporation releases a new type of firearm. The G-435 EMBR, an electromagnetic battle rifle, is the flagship weapon released. Where Artemis Focuses on Railgun systems, Mjolnir has chosen to operate with mainly coil gun systems. These systems are virtually similar, but until now Railguns were always preferred because of the rate of fire and the tremendous damage inflicted by the disks Artemis weapons use. However, Mjolnir has created a game changer with these new weapons by significantly decreasing the size of the projectile and increasing muzzle velocity at least ten-fold. Instead of firing aerodynamic projectiles that are heavy and limit ammunition, a tiny tungsten ball bearing barely a millimeter thick is propelled in excess of 20 kilometers per second. Using ball bearings may seem like a step backwards in weapons development since that was what was used a thousand years earlier prior to the advent of the conical bullet. However, the shear velocity the round is traveling makes aerodynamic effects irrelevent, and allows the round to enter the chamber at any angle. Additionally because the round is so small, huge amounts of ammunition can be stored in small magazines, defeating the constant need in combat to reload and carry excess ammunition. Because the object is tiny and the velocity so high, it will typically punch through flesh and light cover with ease; the effect on the body isn't as extreme as disks, but the kinetic energy is very apparent when it hits hard targets, causing small explosive force, giving area of effect and concussive damage as well. The projectile is also standardized ammunition for pistols to sniper rifles and everything in between, so ammunition is essentially modular and interchangeable between different weapons. What defines the difference in these weapons is the amount of nano-fusion the weapon can store and power, and therefore what the muzzle velocity of the weapon will be. For pistols, it's around 10-12 kilometers per second, while sniper rifles can fire up to 75 kilometers per seconds, creating massive kinetic damage. Additionally, the velocity of the rounds can be dialed back significantly to minimize damage and maintain stealth. The URDF is so impressed by the advantages of this weapon, that the military begins to transition from disk projectile weapons to these new weapons, though many of Artemis weapons are kept in service for their own advantages.
2437 - A form of shielding is developed, designed to absorb or deflect kinetic impacts from solid projectiles. This shield works like reactive armor plating and designed to stop high velocity rounds from hitting the armor plating along the hull while allowing slower objects to pass through with ease. By generating a magnetic field around an object, particles can be sent through the magnetic stream and act as a barrier from fast moving objects. If a slow moving object passes through the shield the magnetic field will have time to warp and stream around the object without damaging it, while a fast moving object won't give the barrier time to create an opening and thus the projectile will either be instantly disintegrated or deflected from the shield. This is so smaller strike craft can take off and land on larger warships without having to disable this shield. The down-side of this advantage is that while the Kinetic Particle Shield or K.P.S. can stop high velocity rounds from railguns and mass drivers, it is unable to stop most slow moving missiles, making warships still vulnerable to bombers with large missile payloads. However point defense weapons have always been installed on warships, and large numbers of them working in unison can aid in intercepting missiles and forming fire solutions to create an offensive shield against strike craft. K.P.S. can also be scaled down to be used for people, though at a much reduced strength. A personal K.P.S. can stop weapons fires to a degree, but can't stop slower moving melee attacks. The K.P.S. for both ships and individuals can absorb a certain amount of kinetic energy, before it collapses and must recharge. The amount of damage a K.P.S. Can take depends on it's power source, but it is much more effective than simply relying on armor plating. However the tech is fairly expensive at this time, and can only be used in mass by the URDF, mainly for warships. Special forces will be issued some these systems and the Predator Corps receives the best of the tech, however standard marine outfits will have to wait until the technology is cheaper. Many in the private sector also invest in K.P.S. systems, such as major trading and shipping companies who want to protect their ships from piracy, and bounty hunters who want an edge on their missions.
2440 - Construction of a massive 40 kilometer tall space station begins over Earth. Deemed a Titan Class Shipyard / Super-station, it is like nothing man has ever built before. Twice the Length of Manhattan Island, and nearly eight times as wide, it is a gigantic undertaking which will take approximately 40 - 50 years to build. The most obvious feature of this station be the massive rhombus prism structures on each side. Every shipyard built to this prior requires construction of warships and large commercial vessels to be built and docked externally to the station, and there by present many risks to ship building engineers. This new station will be large enough to build and house several cruiser class ships and dozens of frigates and destroyers within the safety of a pressurized atmosphere. A massive plasma window covers an opening to the facility, large enough to allow even the largest ships to enter.
The station will be large enough to support over ten million people for permanent living. While under military control and primary use, the station will not just be a shipyard facility; it will act as a major economic trading port and space based city. The now 350 year old Unity Space Station - which saw the humanity's first major expansion efforts into space - is finally decommissioned and turned into a aeronautical museum high above Earth, and it's space elevator down to the Republic Capital of Nairobi is severed and reeled back up from the surface. A much more massive and efficient space tether begins construction from the original construction points of this new massive space station and descends down to the heart of Nairobi.
Because of it's symbolism of mankind's development in a few short centuries and the immense strategic and economic benefit it holds, plans are drawn up for construction of duplicates of this station. Olympia will certainly be the next location of this super-station, as will Andridia. Ellix Prime, Serenity, and Krisla are all candidates for these stations as well. Because several of these stations are planned for construction and because they will fall under URDF command, the station being constructed over Earth is titled Naval Command Alpha or NavCom Alpha. Because the URDF navy is so large (now consisting of over 1500 warships) and the United Republic spans a massive area of space, The URDF fleet will be reorganized into more uniform fleets and NavCom Alpha and the other super-stations will act as Central Command Fleet Shipyards, each assigned a specific fleet. NavCom Alpha will be the home port of First Fleet, while Olympia's NavCom Delta will likely be home to Second and Third Fleet and is planned to begin construction by 2460. NavCom Gamma will rest over Andrdia and be home to Fourth Fleet. Ellix Prime will likely be home to NavCom Epsilon and Fifth fleet, Serenity will have NavCom Omega and Sixth Fleet, and Krisla will have NavCom Theta and Seventh Fleet, though the construction of these three stations will be shelved for at least 50 - 60 years due to the massive logistics required to build just one of these stations.
2445 - With sports like soccer, waning in entertainment value, the public desires something new to fulfill their pass time. The Inter-Planetary Sports Agency establishes the Galactic Skirmish Association which is built around the new sport 'Skirmish'. This is essentially a combat based sport with various competitive games involved like "Capture the Flag" and "Domination" which is often seen in virtual reality gaming systems. The sport is split into 3 Leagues. The first and most prominent is the Elite Warrior League comprised entirely of athletes with ESA and Lygarians and so the challenges are the most intense and fast-paced. Because there are so few people with ESA and even fewer Lygarians, the teams are small 4-6 person units, much like predator teams, and therefore individuals are far more revered in the games. The mainstream variant is the Pro Skirmisher League which is made up of highly skilled human athletes that do not have ESA. Because there are many more people that qualify for this league, the team sizes are much larger in the 20 - 24 range, making for larger battles. The difference between these two leagues makes them both equally enjoyed by the general public since they offer variety in the sport. The third league is the University Combat League which, as it sounds, is designed for college level students to participate in. This has the appeal and fervor of college pride, and has a fairly large following as well in the first years of the sport's creation.
Skirmish can't exactly be described by one set of objectives and rules, since the game consists of at least a dozen different game modes that are selected semi-randomly prior to a match to make the game require quick adaptation from each team. Most game modes consist of two teams, certain events like play-offs/championship matches can involve 3 or 4 teams, in which case the matches can be very intense especially for the large PSL teams. The players use specialized firearms designed to fire stun rounds which can slow or incapacitate an opponent, as well as non-lethal melee weapons and hand-to-hand combat. While there are rules to ensure the game is not life-threatening, it is a brutal and very competitive sport, and as such players wear full body suits with light body armor and specialized helmets with holographic visors. For most cases these Skirmishes will take place in specially designed arenas where the floor, walls and ceiling are made up of small tiles. When a Game begins, a selected or randomized environment will be created, and the tiles will rise out of the floor in small columns to form walls, inclines, cover and even building like facades. Wall sections deploy inwards to create platforms, roofs, bridges, and cover, while ceiling tiles descend to compliment the wall and floor design. thereby giving a unique Battle-space for every match. These tiles can even work in sync to create a holographic landscape and make the arena seem like a realistic environment such a snowy mountain, beige desert, a lush forest, or even an environment from human history. The uniqueness and randomness of the environment combined with the variety of game modes should keep the game constantly fresh and enjoyable.
The immediate reaction from the public is a resounding success. The military takes particular interest in the sport, as it can essentially acts as combat training for personnel, while at the same time strengthening unit cohesion and camaraderie, and quite frankly lets individuals blow off steam, have some fun, or settle grudges.
2448 - With improvements in nano-fusion and magnetic field manipulation, a new weapon concept emerges straight out of science fiction. If one takes a melee weapon like a knife or an axe and can generate a powerful enough magnetic field around the blade, super-heated plasma can be sent through and contained by the magnetic field, since plasma is very electromagnetically conductive. This essentially creates a blade that burns at thousands of degrees without causing collateral damage or radiating its heat to the surrounding atmosphere. The magnetic field surrounding the blade is multi-layered, with one field that protects the blade's integrity while another keeps the plasma contained along the blade's shape.
Obviously plasma at such high temperatures gives it the classic glow depicted in sci-fi. The color of the plasma is determined by the gases ionized as well as the temperature the plasma burns at. Carbons will have a green spectra, Oxygens and Nitrogens will burn yellowish orange, Sulfurs and Silicons will glow Blue, and Neons and Argons will give off a Reddish hue. The system will work like this: the hilt of a melee weapon or tool will have three primary components: a nano fusion core (or multiple cores if possible), a gas molecule chamber, and a super-conductor which generates the magnetic field around the blade. The fusion core expels intense heat which then ionizes the gas molecules in the chamber; this gas is then forced through the chamber into exhaust tubes. The magnetic field takes over and forces the ionized plasma along the magnetic fields; it runs up the blade, around the tip back down the other end of the blade, and cycles back into the molecule chamber.
Several weapons companies make a few models here and there, but Phalanx Armory, which has up until now been a small company specializing in melee weapons, jumps on the new technology and builds dozens of different melee combat systems: knives, hatchets, maces, axes, swords, and even some more exotic weapons like Samurai weapons, Shaolin J-hook swords, and scythes on special requests. Their shear ingenuity gives Phalanx Armory a virtual monopoly in the market. However, the first generation weapons do run into a few problems, namely the power required to generate plasma stresses the nano-fusion core fairly quickly. Currently the energy will only last for about 30 - 45 seconds before the core needs to cool and recharge or be replaced with a new core. Also while the plasma is cycled through the chamber, it will gradually bleed off molecules - mostly when the plasma emitter is shut off and the ionized atoms outside the blade cool off fast enough to become a gas before recaptured in the chamber, so eventually gas has to be replaced. Lastly it takes about 8 - 10 seconds for the molecules to heat enough to become plasma. However, the pros of the weapons far out-weigh the cons for these systems. For one the can cut through virtually any material, whether it be flesh, wood, even metal can't withstand the several thousand degree plasma. Only a dense enough alloy or something with a powerful enough localized magnetic field can stop the blade, such as another melee weapon with an EM field emitter. Also even when a fusion core is expended and the plasma ceases to burn, there is still a physical blade for the user to work with. The plasma can be used for more unorthodox purposes, such starting a fire, welding a door shut (or cutting it open), or even cauterizing a wound. While melee weapons usually take a back seat in combat by this point, they still see a lot of close quarters use, the URDF Marine Corps orders K-bar and Hatchet systems to outfit RIV units. The Predator Corps orders a wide variety of these weapons for it’s operatives.
2450 - Fifth generation ESA candidates begin being born. There are now about 8,000 recorded living people with ESA. First generation enhanced humans still alive are over 100 now. Because the number of Enhanced are still very small compared to the 23+ Billion humans in the Republic, they don't have a notable impact in politics or education. However, those that join project apex and/or stay in the military display outstanding, if not perfect success rates throughout their careers. Those that remain in civilian or civil careers find impressive success as well. Many 4th generation Huntresses / enhanced females have also been hired by police forces throughout the United Republic as CSI and forensics specialists, due to their psychometric capability to uncover clues and evidence that would be otherwise missed by normal senses. Fourth generation hunters / enhanced males in the civilian world often find themselves teaching self-defense courses due to their enhanced reaction time and try to improve normal human reaction time and agility. Dozens of enhanced - formal military or not - are found in the new Skirmish Arenas playing in the Elite Warrior League.
Lygarians of the first generation begin to die naturally around this point, and it's believed they have an average life expectancy of 130. The Lygarians find appeal in funeral pyre cremations. Because the endangered species needs to rebuild, it's encouraged that Lygarians seek partners to reproduce, preferably another Lygarian, though more Human-Lygarian relationships have been recorded. However, the Lygarians are people and citizens of the Republic, and so how they live is their choice. Now that there are about 500+ Lygarians that can reproduce with less risk of genetic convergence, cloning operations have been dramatically decreased unless the population begins to drop.
2453 - Construction of NavCom Delta over Olympia begins seven years ahead of schedule as the High Admiralty Board is eager to see the massive station over the fortress world. Construction of NavCom Alpha is about 25% completed.
2455 - The terraforming process of Mars has achieved its ultimate goal. 350 years after terraforming operations began, Mars has become a lush garden world with large rainforests, beautiful, blue oceans, and vibrant cities, with over 270 million people planet-wide. It's an iconic example of Humanity's capabilities. Mars has significantly boosted the Solar System's economy and as well as its standing as the centrality of the United Republic.
2460 - Construction of NavCom Gamma over Andridia begins. Completed sections on Alpha and Delta are inhabited. One of Alpha's Internal Harbors is completed and begins economic trade.
2475 - Sixth Generation ESA candidates are being born or are in early childhood, and showing increasingly enhanced senses. However, their social interaction still leaves something to be desired and many with ESA are shy, withdrawn, and mostly quiet. Because of this, some of these children have some form of sociological therapy or medication to mitigate these effects. Luckily the Lygarians don't suffer from this social diminishment, and are able to encourage some humans with ESA to be more friendly and interactive.
2485 - Both NavCom Alpha and NavCom Delta are completed in the same year, thanks to the URDF command structure wanting Delta to be fully operational as soon as possible. With both of the massive shipyards fully functional over Earth and Olympia, it's undoubted that Earth's influence throughout the Republic is still very strong.
2495 - Seventh Generation enhanced humans are born, though being able to track generational separation has become blurred and difficult from this point on. About 15,000 now live throughout the Republic. Roughly 90% attend Olympus Military Academy under the Apex Program, thanks to it's full military funding and support. 20% of those that successfully pass Apex training move onto the Predator Corps while another 60% join other military sectors. The remaining 20% rejoin the overall 10% that didn't join Apex in civilian life. Quite a few of those that leave Apex join the Elite Warrior League to Play Skirmish. These percentages are roughly reflective for the Lygarians as well; most of the Lygarians prefer Military and scientific life, but a few enjoy playing in the Skirmish league or working in the private sector. Lygarian population has reached about 800 and the population is gradually growing.
Some of the more spiritual "Enhanced" seeking to distance themselves from the populated cities receive government funding to build a facility in the forests on the planet Serenity. Enhanced humans can be closer to natural surroundings and concentrate on fortifying their enhanced senses without having to focus on the day to day stresses of normal life. The complex is seen as a monastery of sorts, though not in an officially religous sense since government funding dictates separation of State and Religion. Here "Enhanced" hone their enhanced senses, self defense martial skills, high speed reflexes, and psychometric capacities. Academic study and individual meditation to further the mental and psychological awareness of individuals is also strongly encouraged. The facility is thus called the Praxium Construct. The Praxium starts off with about three dozen individuals with ESA, but quickly gains more long term and visiting students. A few Lygarians attend the facility as well. They focus on many of the same aspects the enhanced humans do, but they also fine-tune their speed, jump height, and agility.
2499 - A flare up of terrorist and insurgent activity on the Garden world "Garuetta", 2,067 light years from Sol on the frontier of the outer colonies, results in the Predator Corps sending over 200 hunters, huntresses, phantoms, and banshees to the planet to strategically hunt down the perpetrators. It appears a small minority of the 7 million strong population on Garuetta wish to break away from the United Republic, but the general population remain loyal and dedicated to U.R. control. These insurgents have begun attacking military and civilian targets alike and have put fear into much of the population. The URDF deploys 400,000 marines along with the Project Predator operators to secure population centers. It takes about 9 months to eradicate the insurgents hiding around the planet, but the mission is deemed a success. Unfortunately, there was mixed reaction among the population about the URDF's occupation. While many believed the URDF kept the citizens safe from the insurgents, some felt their militarized occupation hindered many citizens' day to day movement and invaded their privacy with random and "not-so-random" checkpoints and searches. In light of this the URDF begins immediate drawback of forces as the last of the insurgents are taken into custody or killed in combat. United Republic also increases public funding to aid in prosperity on Garuetta. It may seem like buying off the population to regain their trust, but the occupation teaches the URDF lessons for how to go about future occupations of populated worlds.
2500 - The United Republic now rests at 28 Billion in Population and spans 2,400 light years along the Orion Arm of the Galaxy. Every planet labeled in the PRAXI Structures within Earth's Green Line is in some way touched by humanity, even if it's a tier 3 ball of rock being harvested for resources. All the Garden worlds within Sedrat's Yellow Line have also been colonized and many of the Tier 2 and 3 worlds there are also used for massive resource gathering to fuel the Republic's immense prosperity. And there are still hundreds of thousands – if not millions - of star systems uncharted and touched, that potentially hold dozens of planets and moons. So rich with resources is the cumulative of these systems, that they should provide the Republic with ample supplies for thousands of years. However, colonization begins to slow down as the number of known habitable planets is inhabited. Without the Map of garden worlds around Earth from the PRAXIS, humanity would have had to search blindly for stars that could be habitable. They likely would never have found so many lush worlds due to the thick dust of the galactic plane and the randomness of planetary orbits around stars, and it could have taken several more decades – even centuries – before humanity had discovered FTL capability on their own. The URDF once again ventures into uncharted void of space in search of new worlds.
With the incredible success of NavCom Alpha and Delta, NavCom Epsilon, Omega, and Theta begin simultaneously, creating tens of millions of jobs for long periods of time. Because of the time it takes to build these stations, an engineer could enter the work force at the very beginning of construction of a NavCom station and spend his or her entire career helping build the station for 40-50 years and then apply for early retirement. It would be a symbol of one's life dedicated to seeing the construction of these super-massive stations, some may even wish to remain in the massive space cities to live out the rest of their lives on the stations they worked so hard to build.
However, most manufacturing, construction, and mining labor throughout the Republic has been semi- or fully automated, and people for the most part serve in a supervisory role for mechs and drones. Retail and commerce involves more human interaction, but transactions are easily automated and cost of living is extremely affordable with plenty of wealth to spend on desirables and luxuries. As a result most civilians only work a few hours a week in mainly skilled careers, giving them more time to pursue personal & creative ambitions, follow physical regimes to stay fit, learn much more throughout life, and enjoy life as a whole. Entertainment, social media, sports, and medical careers require more work hours but these careers come at significantly higher pay. As such tax rates on citizens is very low, and the Republic receives the bulk of its spending budget through the massive resources collected throughout the Republic.
The United Republic military and police forces, are the majority of careers that still retain a significant workload. While mechs and drones are in significant use by both military and police forces, they certainly don't supplement most human combatants. The necessity to keep law enforcement and military operations in the hands of people, is both practical and moral. This being the case the military and police have extremely nice salaries, but also have high expectation of physical, mental, and psychological requirements.
The Life Expectancy has risen to approximately 139:M 141:F and a very few can live as long as 190 years old. Because of the gradual increase in cell regeneration, humans maintain their prime state at age 25 - 30 to around 90 - 95 years old, before the body begins to slow regeneration. Because of this, the primary retirement age has gradually risen to 115 years. Some one can enter the URDF as a Private / Crewman and easily make it to General / Admiral through a long 75 - 90 year career. Because of these much longer healthier lives, many wait until they're 50 or 60 to settle down and have children, wanting to enjoy the freedom and individuality there is in being single, though plenty still have children at younger ages in their 20's and 30's. With children maturing earlier and being intelligent and responsible even at early age, the legal adult age has gradually descended to 15 years old. This means that younger people are joining the workforce, military, or becoming entrepreneurs.
Virtually all human diseases have been eradicated or diminished and vaccinations continue so that humanity doesn't lose defense against these illnesses. However, every new planet exposes people to strange flora and fauna and presents the risk of new viruses and infections. Any time a new food or substance is derived from the ecosystem of a planet, it has to go through a rigorous analysis phase before it can be authorized for mass consumption or personal use. Many do pass these trials and are enjoyed by the general public. cuisine variety for humans has spanned ten times as broad as that of what was only available on Earth 300 years ago. Alien woods and metals are often sought after for luxurious furniture and decorations. However living organisms are restricted to the planets they are found on as release of them on alien worlds could result in them being invasive species that can overwhelm original organisms. Only long known domesticated animals like cats and dogs can be kept as pets and moved to different planets
FTL travel and communication has gradually been fine-tuned further. Average FTL transit jumps now move at about 55 light years per hour or 1,320 light years per day. Duration variance is down to 1%, with destination drift of less than 50 kilometers. Minimal jump distance is less than 1,000 kilometers, allowing for interesting combat maneuvers. Communication has finally become real time republic wide, with standard communication able to travel 5,000 light years per second, though Super-Luminal Communication Tunnels are still not two-way, and thus requires two separate tunnels, one going each way. However, this difference is purely academic as it is near effortless to create these tunnels. A sending transmitter opens a comm SLT to a receiving transmitter, the user of the receiving transmitter can immediately open a tunnel that follows the path back to the sender and a loop is essentially created. Because FTL communication requires little power, and the output of nano-fusion is plenty to do so, many personnel and portable devices like data-pads and comm-pads can do this. Thus connectivity is incredibly efficient between everyone throughout the Republic.
2509 - A major addition to weapons systems on the warships are the introduction of point defense laser systems. These laser systems use high intensity infrared beams to burn a target to sunder, and because they travel the speed of light they're virtually impossible to avoid when the aim is spot on. However, there are pros and cons to both the current point defense railgun systems and these new point defense laser systems. The railguns can fire high velocity rounds in enormous amounts and spreads as well as flak ammunition that explodes near targets, throwing shrapnel in every direction that can take out a target, without actually making a direct hit. However, Railguns expend ammunition and despite the small size of the rounds and the huge magazines they can be stored in, they will inevitably run out of munitions. Additionally while the rounds are fired at high velocity, at longer distances they can be out maneuvered by nimble ships and missiles. The laser systems travel virtually instantaneously to a near-by target and burn at thousands of degrees allowing it to burn through strike craft armor and missile casings, and because a laser only uses energy, ammunition isn't an issue. The downside of this is that weaponized infrared laser systems are power hungry, high maintenance and have rather short effective ranges. As such their will be a mix of both systems on board ships. The bulk of point defense will still be Railguns, with a few strategically placed laser systems for precision targeting and interception.
2515 - Three hundred years have passed since the formation of the United Republic. In that time Human population has more than doubled, and humanity has gone from 5 planets/moons colonized to over 700. The Blue and White flag of the Republic flies above all of them and unity is still strong. Four new habitable planets outside the Green and Yellow Lines have been discovered, one of them a tier 1 garden world.
2519 - The URDF once again ventures out past the far side of the Yellow Line to another Kepler star, Kepler 69 2,700 Light years from Sol. 69c is another planet thought to be a habitable world long before the discovery of the PRAXIS. And like Sedrat before it, this planet is found to have had a civilization. But the discoveries here are even more profound; degradation of the civilization here is far less obvious. Buildings and even vehicles are found mostly intact, albeit rusted and corroded, and while they clearly don't originate from humans, the civilization was humanoid and the creations they left are quite similar. However, the planet is devoid of most complex life above insect-like creatures and much of the surface is bathed in low level radiation. Analysis indicates that the radiation occurred here approximately 500 years earlier. The planet is also in a perpetual winter state, the planet's ozone is severely depleted, and the oceans are acidic, leaving no chance for the planet to be habitable for humans for thousands of years. However, no nuclear detonation craters are found and in any case the radiation isn't high enough to indicate there was a nuclear war. What's more, one side of the planet seems to be more saturated then the other.
From what it appears a Hyper-nova occurred somewhere deeper into the galactic core with the massive dying star's rotational axis pointing into Kepler 69's system. It's hard to pin-point when or where this occurred because the dust closer into the galactic core is far too thick, but the hyper-nova released a gamma-ray-burst that raced across a few thousand light years and finally slammed into Kepler 69c. At this range Gamma Ray Bursts are lethal to a planet's ozone, though how much radiation the planet itself received is unclear. As luck would have it though many of the cities around the planet have what look like space ports with several heavily eroded ships. This indicates that the civilization was space-faring. After detailed scans of the planet's surface, a large unnatural excavation site is found running down 700 meters. This is a probable indication that this planet had a PRAXIS as well, but no structure is found. This leaves one of two possibilities: either this species excavated it or another species did. Because of the lack of organic remains of this planet's species, it's most likely that the intelligent species evacuated their home planet immediately after the gamma ray burst, knowing the radiation would create long term cellular damage and mutations, and must have taken the PRAXIS with them. Either way humanity is getting closer and closer to running into another functioning, advanced species. Whether they are diplomatic or aggressive remains to be seen. But it seems humanity is being gradually introduced to other advanced civilizations, rather than shocked with the revelation all at once, first with the Lygarians' revival and now with another species likely to be living around nearby stars. However, the situation needs to be handled carefully, humanity can't start wildly searching the area, hoping to make a peaceful first contact.
When Daedalus and Izanami are asked about the specifics of this civilization, the A.I.’s refuse to unlock this information, since Humanity did not locate and activate the structure themselves. However, archeological findings suggest they were about the same height as humans, though their skeletal structures suggest they have longer, stronger necks, elongated fingers, and inverse flexed legs.
2521 - Before humanity can even begin searching around Kepler 69 for star's with habitable planets, on the other end of the Republic another star is located 1,550 Light years from Earth, nearly identical to Sol with a garden world. The star is named Helios 584, and has a garden world that quickly catches the the attention of the research team. Upon closer observation ruins are discovered that date a civilization back to about 17,000 - 20,000 years ago. No radiation is present and the planet is teeming with life. Skeletons are found, but no conclusive reason for why this species died out is made; possibly a plague or disease that destroyed the population before a cure could be found. Because the ruins are so far gone and completely overwhelmed with vegetation, it's difficult to determine how advanced the species was before it went extinct. After confirming that the civilization is gone, search for a PRAXIS begins.
The skeletal remains of the species found are too far gone due to a combination of complete cellular destruction and decay from the element for much genetic testing, but from what little is found does shed some light on the species and their evolution. Physically they appear to have been Bipedal like Humans and Lygarians, but this species was huge and brute-like by comparison, the biggest skeletons reaching 4 meters tall. Stranger still, they had 4 arms rather than two, 1-1.5 meter tails, and along with a primary pair of eyes they had a secondary pair that covered their flanks (clearly a defensive evolution to look out for predators). The planet has basically reclaimed any artificial structure with plant and animal life around the planet but a few deteriorated ruins are found that indicate the species was probably in a societal stage resembling humanity's Industrial Age of the 1800's, possibly 1900's. This would explain how a plague could wipe the species out without an ability to fight it. Global trade would spread the disease quickly throughout the world, but medicine and science would still be too ineffective to come up with a cure fast enough. This is all still under the presumption that it was a disease or virus that killed the species, however, that hasn't been confirmed.
2523 - After extensive search of the planet, a PRAXIS is excavated and activated. The A.I. that greets the research team seems surprised to see humans activating it’s PRAXIS rather than the species it was assigned to. When it learns of the fate of said species, the A.I. appears quite sad, but quickly recovers and turns it’s attention to the humans. After reviewing human history, it fashions itself the name Osiris, the Egyption God of the Afterlife. It seems that using a name synonymous with death & destruction is a trend with the PRAXIS A.I.’s when they learn of the demise of the species they were supposed to uplift. Osiris says that the planet is known as Tanus, and species was called the Narmala. Osiris provides pristine genetics samples of the Narmalans like Izanami did with the Lygarians. However, he gives the research team a humored word of caution, that if they do attempt to clone the species, to be ready for aggressive and rowdy children.
Just like the one on Sedrat, the Tanus PRAXIS displays Garden planets within 1,000 light years with the border overlapping the Earth's Green Line by about 400 light years. The Border of the sphere will be dubbed the Blue Line and planets here will also form the outer colonies. Over 85 habitable worlds within the Green Line previously unknown are identified.
“PRAXIS 03" as it's designated, is excavated and moved to the Praxium Construct on the planet Serenity for further study. As predicted, new features are unlocked on the PRAXI Structures. An entrance is opened on the smallest section of the structure, but nothing obvious is found inside. Upon closer observation, spatial distortion and gravitational warping on the quantum level are detected within the accessible areas of the section, though not dangerous enough to affect the people. How this distortion is created, where the source of it is, and why it exists is unclear; however the power generated and distributed in this section is off the charts. Perhaps it's designed to power the entire structure, but the output has the potential to be thousands of times more powerful than what is required to simply keep the lights on. When asked about it's purpose, Daedalus simply says that humanity is not ready for that knowledge yet, and Izanami and Osiris agree with him. When asked to explain further, Daedalus says that when Humanity proves itself to the creator’s of the structure, they will be rewarded with access to far more important capabilities. however, Daedalus refuses to describe what they are or go into detail about the purpose of the structure. Daedalus does give an ominous warning though. If Humanity begins to aggressively search for PRAXI Structures and threatens the safety of other intelligent species for the purpose of acquiring their own PRAXI Structures, the consequences for humanity will be very severe. However, Izanami does reassure humanity that they are on the right path to immense greatness, and that patience and a pure-heart will inevitably prove this true. Osiris agrees with this sentiment, adding the Humans are the first species in the galaxy to successfully activate and link three PRAXI Structures.
However, through analysis of the small section, it's believed that such a vast amount of power output with no massive sources readily apparent would indicate that the structure some how harnesses zero point energy on a quantum level. If humanity could harness this power source it would mean virtually unlimited power with no known fuel requirements, however, so little is understood about zero point energy manipulation, and with no visible signs of generation and the PRAXIS A.I.’s not being very forth-coming, it's unlikely humanity will harness this in the near future. The inner pylon is thus dubbed the “Conduit”, while the larger outer pylon is renamed the “Archive” and the middle pylon the “Bridge” because of the portal system.
All three PRAXI Structures begin emitting a strange electromagnetic field, nothing strong enough to be a danger to anyone, but clearly indicating that these structures are even more inter-connected than originally believed. Whatever the purpose of the structure, it's possible that bringing them in close proximity of each other could unlock new possibilities. What those possibilities could be can only be speculated: a massive power source unlike anything humanity has ever created, some sort of experiment for the species that built the structure, or - with some concern - perhaps a weapon of unknown capability. Because humanity is beginning to stray into dangerous and uncharted territory with the understanding of the PRAXI Structures, it's deemed too much of a risk to attempt to combine the structures. For now they will maintain their distance from one another.
However, Parliament Members on the Covert Security Council begin to convene with the High Admiralty Board to discuss contingencies in which all the PRAXI Structures need to be relocated and centrally stored together, the most notable being a last line of defense in the event of a massive attack by an overwhelmingly superior military force of another advanced species. How to go about this is heavily debated between the governing bodies, but whatever the method, it's agreed that the plan must be kept extremely secret to ensure security of the PRAXI Sructures.
83 new Garden worlds, and 532 Tier 2 and 3 planets are mapped out within the Blue Line. However, the U.R. Parliament wants to hold off on the release of this data to colonization corporations and the general public for 20 years to allow outer colonies within the Yellow Line to further develop before diverting resources to new colonization. The URDF thoroughly surveys them over the next 20 years, in order to ensure that humanity won't steamroll over other species with intellectual capacity.
2528 – after making huge advancements in cloning during the Lygarian’s rebirth, rebuilding the Narmalan species should be a smoother process. the cloning facilities on Olympia are fired up once again to begin conception of the first generation of Narmalans. Just as with the Lygarians, randomized Human DNA is infused with the genetic samples given by Osiris to avoid degenerative reproduction.
By the time the Narmalans are born they’re already .7 meters in height and weigh roughly 25 Lbs. which is a tell-tale sign of how big they’ll be full grown. Once again Second Chance, Olympia, becomes a place to revive a lost species. New structures are built in order to accommodate the potential size of the Narmalans.
The Narmalans have skin color varying in shades of darker browns – reds for males and lighter shades of browns – reds for females. Their 4 eyes are similar to those of humans, while their eye color varies between dark yellow to electric green to aqua. Their hair is almost exclusively black.
2530 - Melee combat has made a suprising comeback in close quarters engagements. because personal Kinetic Particle Shields have dramatically increased in strength since their inception nearly a century prior, Small Arms Weapons require more firepower on a target and therefore becomes much less effective. However, Kinetic Particle Shields aren't able to stop slow moving melee strikes like swords and knives, nor are their magnetic fields strong enough to stop and dissipate the super-heated plasma along plasma-bladed weapons.
Because of this it's commonplace to see blade on blade fighting inter-mingled with gun battles. in very close quarters combat, those using firearms instead of melee weapons are at a significant disadvantage. Thus at short range, the saying "bringing a knife to a gunfight" no longer implies a one-sided outcome, but rather a good chance of success. It becomes a kind of 'tug of war' between the blade wielder and the gun wielder: either the gun wielder will disable the K.P.S. of the blade wielder before they can get in range, or the blade wielder's K.P.S. will remain intact until they can strike down the gun wielder.
Thus training in bladed combat tactics is an important aspect for anyone seeking combat. The URDF impresses basic Blade Weapon Tactics (BWT) upon recruits during basic training. The Marine Corps' Rapid Insertion Vanguard trains its members to be very proficient in knife and hatchet fighting styles and how counter blade wielding threats. This is important because Private Military Companies and pirates alike have access to these weapons as well and quickly adapt them into their arsenals.
However, nothing compares to the skills Predator Corps Operatives hold. Becoming proficient during the Apex Program as teenagers, each operative trains with their own personal bladed weapon(s) and fighting style(s) for years - if not decades - mastering BWT in conjunction with there many other unrivaled skill sets. to challenge a hunter or huntress - let alone a team of them - in bladed combat is tantamount to suicide.
2535 - The High Admiralty Board and Covert Security Council in Parliament, finally decide how to utilize the PRAXI Structures in a worst case scenario. A massive warship will be built in complete secrecy, and will be designed to carry several PRAXI Structures. The ship will reach out to about 20 kilometers long and will be crewed by 40,000+ URDF personnel, though it can be crewed by far more than that. However, to maintain secrecy, only a tiny skeleton crew of a few dozen will serve on the gigantic ship during it's construction.
This ship will act as a last line of defense for Earth and the closest core worlds. Because it's unclear what the PRAXIS might do when multiple structures come together, the compartment and area they will be stored and utilized in is massive to give it space for movement, and the surrounding area walls are heavily armored & radiation hardened. Because the PRAXIS may provide yet unknown offensive or defensive capabilities, a large section of the bow of the ship will be left open for all the PRAXI Structures to rise out of the hull. It's considered that the PRAXIS could create a weaponized beam or energy shield of yet unknown ability, so once the PRAXI Structures rise out of the hull of the ship they will be exposed to space from the sides and the front.
The construction is dubbed Project Colossus, and only a handful individuals in the Republic are authorized to know about it. To keep the massive undertaking a complete secret, the entire construction will be performed by mechs and drones and the process of development will stretch over 40+ years to allow supplies and funding for the ship's construction to be small and thus not attract attention. Because of the need for secrecy, the construction will take place in Tau Ceti - where Olympia is located - due to it's immense military control, but it will be built far out beyond the edge of Tau Ceti's Termination Shock where no one will bother venturing. Space is extremely vast, so the chance of anyone running into it this far out in the void is extremely minute.
The ship will have massive firepower and protection, and for all intensive purposes is a warship first and foremost. However, the ship will serve another very important role. The ship will be about the size of Manhattan Island and being so massive, it can act as an arc if need be. Along with the standard 40,000 crew, it can accommodate 500,000 military personnel or civilians (refugees) comfortably, perhaps a million or more if absolutely necessary. Because the ship must function completely autonomously, with few resources ever being received, the vessel is built to be completely self-sufficient. It has particle accelerators and a Helium Processing Refinery on board to constantly fuel both it's own power plants as well as any contingent it carries. It's Life Support, Osmosis Purification Systems, and a massive Hydroponics and Nutrient Processing Center will provide food, water, and air indefinitely. A large Manufacturing center using nano-tech and 3D replication systems, is able to produce just about anything the ship or the crew needs: armor plating, small arms weapons, vehicles, strike craft, clothing, spare parts etc. all of these systems can use easy to acquire materials extracted from asteroid, comets, and atmospheres of gas giants.
Despite the secrecy involved in the ship's construction, it's realized that sooner or later it will become known to the public. As such the ship will be seen as a symbol of achievement for humanity, and so with pride, and perhaps some vanity, a massive atrium 800 meters wide and long and 100 meters tall will be built in the topside of the ship. A massive transparent dome that gives a clear view into space will cover the atrium, and be equipped with holographic projectors that can create planetary sky environments. The Atrium will have a natural environment inside: trees, rocky extrusions, streams, even a small lake. This provides a psychological and emotional comfort for people to get away from the confines of military ship corridors and quarters. Obviously such a large transparent structure is vulnerable to attack, so if a breach in the dome occurs, a lateral plasma window will immediately cover the entire atrium maintaining pressure within the plasma window.
Because the ship is such a significant investment and will take so long to build, the ship will be constantly updated with new technologies rather than just eventually replacing it. Mechs and drones will always be hard at work maintaining The ship, until it is crewed. This will lead to an idea later, for the extensive use of mechs and drones, but it will take a few decades before it becomes a reality. While the Project is called Colossus, the High Admiralty Board designates the ship URDF Valkyrie. This ship will be a juggernaut of war, and it's shear size and firepower combined with it's independent capabilities requires a new class of ship rather than a "super" stapled in front of the class. Therefore Valkyrie will be dubbed a Venerator Class "Dominator".
2538 - To further disguise URDF Valkyrie's construction, the next generation Warships begin design and construction. The entire URDF Navy will once again make a gradual transition, replacing older ships of various designs with newer more standardized and modulated vessels in every ship class from Corvette to Dreadnought. This is a good cover for the public as many of the older generation ships are reaching 100+ years in active service, and have only been able to adopt newer technologies with long overhauls in dry-dock, so a new generation of Warships was long over due anyways.
The Centurion Class Corvette, Ronin Class Frigate, Spartan Class Destroyer, Hannibal Class Battlecruiser, and Elysium Class Dreadnought will be the main warships of the URDF Navy, along with a dozen other specialized vessels. These ships will be built with more modular sets to allow advancements to be easily implemented without having to build an entirely new ship; and so they're designation will be defined with a "Mark" to define its sub-generation, the first ships being Mk. I's. The most obvious improvement in these vessels is their shear size. The Elysium Class Dreadnought will stretch to 6.3 kilometers and will carry massive firepower. A dreadnought will lead each fleet, there being 7 conventional arms fleets, so seven of these massive ships will be built and appear - at least to the public - to be humanities most powerful weapons. In truth, while each of the Dreadnoughts are unbelievably powerful, URDF Valkyrie's design will make it more powerful than the seven Elysium Class Dreadnoughts combined, even without the PRAXI Structures! All of the ship classes will take a similar design despite their vast differences in size, and will be able to land, deploy ground forces, deploy strike craft, and engage in both Ship-to-ship and point defense combat.
2540 - The population of hymans with ESA has now reached 30,000. Lygarian Population has reached 2,000. There are about 200 human-Lygarian hybrids of mixed appearances as well. The Lygarians have proven to be a loyal extension of Humanity. They don't consider themselves mentally or socially different from humans, and a few family trees now have Lygarian ancestors included in their bloodline, though enough reproduce amongst their own species to allow the number of Lygarians to gradually grow.
The Praxium Construct on Serenity is now home to about 300 Enhanced humans and three dozen Lygarians. Here they have built a community of peaceful connection with nature, and focus physically on martial prowess, parkour & agility training, and heightened sensory improvement, and mentally on intellectual study and spiritual meditation. The PRAXIS that rests on the Praxium grounds is a great source for scientific research and it’s shear size dominates the view within the massive rainforest. Senator Vivian Sylovsky is voted into Parliament this year, as the first officially recognized Enhanced to speak for people with E.S.A., though this is mainly a formality as Parliament now consists of about 2,000 Senators from Earth and all the colonies throughout the Republic.
2543 - Tier 1, 2, and 3 planets identified within the Blue Line, are released to the general public, with detailed information on each of them to allow for more effective colonization. Some citizens of the outer colonies in the Yellow Line disagree with the release of this data, wanting their planets to be further developed before it's unveiling. However, the majority of human population welcome the information, and prepare for a new explosion in expansion.
A planet designated Odin 364 D is marked off limits for colonization. The reason being stealth recon of the planet discovered an intellectual species in very primitive development, on par with mankind's Stone Age. A Semi-bipedal species, that have the resemblance of cat like animals found on Earth and display apex predator qualities. However this species - dubbed Lynxinols - display far more intellect, utilizing rock and bone for weapons and tools, and functioning in tribal clans of various population. Observation indicates they use both bipedal and quadrupedal mechanics for movement.
As humanity expands outwards further and further throughout the Milky Way, it's clear that discovery of developing species will be found. Strict laws are instituted to prohibit contact with these species, so as not to interfere with their evolution. Trying to uplift them technologically before they are naturally ready could have undesirable consequences. A cloaked military vessel and several cloaked sensors will orbit Odin 364 D as well as any future planets found with primitive intelligent life to ensure these laws are not violated. In the event it can't be prevented then diplomatic introduction will have to occur if absolutely necessary. Contact with equally or more advanced species will have to be handled just as delicately, in order to protect the United Republic from potential threats.
2545 - The Skirmish Leagues celebrate the 100th anniversary of the creation of Skirmish with massive 8 - 12 team battle games. There are over 20 Elite Warrior League Teams, 80 Pro Skirmish League Teams and 240 University Combat League Teams by this point.
2546 – the First generation Narmalans have reached maturity. Osiris wasn’t joking about their rowdiness during childhood. From toddlers to teenagers the Narmalans – especially the males - were constantly playing and fighting with each other on a daily – if not hourly – basis. Thankfully, their violent tendencies didn't extend to the human and Lygarian children around them to a notable degree, much to the relief of their respective parents, because by the ages 10-12 the Narmalans were roughly 2 meters in height, towering over even most adult humans. The fighting between the Narmalans appears to be instinctual and pride-driven, like a matter of proving strength and endurance. On the other hand they are knowingly careful when playing with their much smaller human and Lygarian counterparts. Luckily by the time they’ve reached adulthood their aggressive behavior simmers significantly.
By the age of 18, female Narmalans stand 3 meters tall on average, are slender but undoubtably muscular, and have an Amazonian Warrior look to them both in body and facial appearance. Of the two genders, they are by far the more sensible ones, with more patience and compassion for those around them, and the willingness to learn through education rather than punches & kicks. That’s not to say they aren’t afraid to brawl with the males from time to time though, and typically use their intellect and agility to win said fights.
The males, by contrast, are brutes that stand 3.5 meters on average (with a couple reaching 4 meters), can weigh in excess of 500 Lbs. and are obscenely muscular. They carry a rough look of hardened soldiers even at such a young age, and their strength is incredible, the strongest ones able to lift over a thousand pounds. That said, the males aren’t exactly rocket scientists. Throughout childhood they appear to have so much pent up energy it's difficult to keep them sitting still – let alone focused – for more than 5 minutes during education. But they have good instincts and high spirits.
Their shear size and extra appendages makes the possiblitlity of inter-species mating with either Humans or Lygarians unlikely, if not slightly disturbing. However, Narmalans are enthusiastically friendly with Humans and Lygarians, and vice versa. A few years from this point the Narmalans are introduced to alcohol, which as expected will increase their enthusiasm and rowdiness ten-fold.
The URDF and ODIN definitely sees the combat effectiveness of having hulk-like warriors in its ranks, especially in the Predator Corps. Aside from their immense strength, the Narmalans are fast, and with enough acceleration faster than Lygarians - though not as agile – making them living bulldozers. Their size and four arms allows them not only to carry very heavy firepower or large Melee weapons, but several of them at one time. Additionally, their four eyes give them great eyesight and peripheral vision. The Psychological impact a Narmalan can have on the battlefield alone is worth bringing them into the fold. After the Narmalans begin producing the next generation, they are offered the opportunity to join the URDF, though this is mainly a formality since they need to learn how to raise their children and thus pass this information onto them. In truth the first generation will train near Second Chance to hone their skills and give the URDF researchers a better understanding of their combat capabilities while still being close to their families.
2548 - Elysium Class Dreadnoughts and the other new generation warships begin rolling out of the shipyards. As the face of the URDF Navy, they serve as both the pride of Humanity, and a good cover for massive military funding, a good portion of which is secretly diverted to the construction of URDF Valkyrie which is now 25% complete. The entire project is overseen by only a dozen personnel supervising Mechs and Drones performing the construction. These personnel are all high ranking and each is sworn to absolute secrecy under penalty of death and serve extremely long deployments at the construction site on the edge of the Tau Ceti System.
2551 - With advancements in artificial gravity and anti-gravity technology, gravity weapons and tools come to fruition. there are different forms of utilizing gravity as a weapon, but they all have one fundamental effect: Force. As a missile or bomb that detonates, a gravity blast generates a spherical shockwave forcing anything away from the epicenter. As a directional weapon such a cannon or rifle-like small arms, it can act as a shock cannon knocking anything it's path down including people, vehicles, and buildings depending on the strength. But the most interesting inventions from this technology are in the personal melee realm. Warhammers, Maces, and even Gauntlets can be designed to generate quick, powerful pulses of anti-gravity when striking. to ensure the force doesn't backfire on the user an anti-gravity field is generated behind the pulse of gravity being emitted that lasts for the duration of the strike, thus acting as a shock absorber and protecting the user from a 'blowback' effect.
It's unfortunate for anyone that is on the receiving end of this kind of attack. the Kinetic Particle Shield does absolutely nothing to stop the gravitational force emitted. Depending on the amount of power behind the weapon, the traumatic force can be enough to crush bones upon impact, and failing that the shockwave from the hit will send a person flying and ragdolling at potentially lethal speeds. Because these weapons require graviton particles to function - something very hard to acquire - they are extremely expensive and can't be mass-produced. However, that won't stop the Predator Corps from acquiring some of these weapons to add to it's arsenal.
2555 - Henry Dekker is born on Earth. He will come to be known as one of the most infamous war criminals in human history.
Trouble begins brewing throughout the periphery of the United Republic. Small scale insurgency in the shadows begins to occur on several outer colonies within the Yellow Line. This appears to be a direct/indirect result of the new colonization efforts within the Blue Line. While the resources of the Republic are vast, they aren't unlimited. Some citizens in the Yellow Line colonies feel that resources that could be used to further develop their worlds are instead being diverted to new colonies. Protests in the many thousands that begin non-violent, sometimes escalate into riots, with dozens being killed in the process. This all seems to stem from the e-democracies that have for so long allowed the URDF to flourish. While the vast majority of Humanity as a whole is in favor of further colonization, large percentages of the Yellow Line outer colony populations are against it. Most of the people are simply acting on their right to protest, but a few are more radical. The problem is still minor, low level sabotage against military and government assets and cyber-terrorism. ODIN believes that this more radical group is limited to between a few hundred and a couple thousand. However, this is a precarious situation; by law only police and government agencies can handle most of these threats, the military is only authorized to pursue the most dangerous criminals. However, dissent in the outer colonies allows crime and piracy to once again flourish in the chaos, and so the military is authorized to establish blockades and Marshall law when it feels it is absolutely necessary.
2558 - After three years of constant pressure from the Yellow Line Outer Colonies - both from Parliament Senators and the populations - to cease colonization in the Blue Line, a compromise is made to dramatically limit the rate of planetary colonization and further improve on the Yellow Line colonies in exchange for the halt of violent protests and attacks. This quells almost the entire movement into agreement. However, a few radicals remain committed to not just pacification, but independence from the United Republic, thus the 'Systems Independent Movement' is borne. SIM is believed to only contain about 3,000 - 5,000 members with one goal very clear: the complete removal of United Republic Authority from the outer colonies. Because of this act of sedition, the High Admiralty Board deems SIM a Separatist organization which gives the military authority to use force to dissolve the insurgency: capturing members if possible, destroying them if necessary. Project Predator is once again sent to hunt these separatists down. However, unlike the Insurgency that was swiftly put down on Garuetta, SIM is spread across several dozen outer colonies, and hides in plain sight among the general population. Because the URDF can't just kick down every door due to both it being a violation of citizens' rights and the impracticality of such an effort, it is difficult to track SIM operatives through conventional means. Because there are several cyber specialists within SIM's ranks, they are good at hiding their digital footprints.
2560 - After centuries of research and development, military-grade particle cannons on massive scales are available. They have been in development for hundreds of years, but the power required for sustained particle beams has been too great to employ in a combat role. However, with the installation of new Tritium Fusion Reactors on URDF warships, it is now possible to provide enough energy to power particle cannons. This gives the URDF a couple of options: either the primary Railguns weapons platforms can be replaced wholesale for Particle Cannons or both systems can be integrated and used depending on the situation. The latter does provide advantages; both weapons transmit their destructive force through kinetic energy, however their effects are very different.
A Railgun projectile releases it's kinetic energy in one primary impact detonation, the size of the detonation defined by the mass and velocity of the projectile. This will result in a single impact varying between a few pounds and several Giga-tons of explosive force. Obviously, in the latter part of that scale, a weapon like this couldn't be used for danger close bombardment; that's where a particle cannon comes in. A particle beam - as it sounds - is made up of trillions of tiny, electrically charged particles projected at a high percentage of the speed of light. The impact point of this beam causes tremendous damage, but at a far more local scale. While it doesn't have as large of an area of effect quality, it can cause significantly more damage by creating a continuous stream of micro-nuclear detonations which can burn a target at tens of thousands of degrees. Having both Heavy Railguns and Particle Cannons give a Warship more tactical options in combat.
2564 – A major sting operation performed by the Predator Corps and United Republic Police Forces leads to the arrest of 800+ SIM Operatives. This is a significant blow to the terrorist organization, but it's only a fraction of their full force. In response to this action, SIM launches 7 bombing attacks in New Arcadia, Andridia resulting in 137 dead and another 250 wounded.
2569 – After displaying significant enhanced sensory abilities, Henry Dekker is accepted into the Apex Program at the age of 14.
2573 - URDF Valkyrie is completed. It is the largest interstellar vehicle ever built by humanity and is an immensely powerful weapon of war. Trial runs begin on the outskirts of the Tau Ceti system, as a 40,000 strong crew - hand-picked by the High Admiralty administration - is gradually assigned to the vessel.
2600 - With major improvements in cell regeneration - along with the optional use of cybernetics - human life expectancy is now about 180:M and 183:F with the upper limit at about 225, more than doubling the average life expectancy of humans of 2100 C.E. levels. Lygarians have benifitted from these medical improvements as well having a life expectancy of 169:M and 174:F.